Coral Reef Species of Greatest Conservation Need

Mammals | Birds | Reptiles | Fish | Invertebrates

Mammals

Scientific Name

Common Name

Status

Trend

Trichechus manatus latirostris Florida Manatee Medium Stable
Tursiops truncatus Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphin Unknown Unknown

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Birds

Scientific Name

Common Name

Status

Trend

Fregata magnificens Magnificent Frigatebird Low Stable
Sterna dougallii Roseate Tern Low Declining
Sterna anaethetus Bridled Tern Low Increasing

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Reptiles

Scientific Name

Common Name

Status

Trend

Chelonia mydas Green Turtle Low Increasing
Eretmochelys imbricata Hawksbill Low Unknown
Caretta caretta Loggerhead Medium Stable

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Fish

Scientific Name

Common Name

Status

Trend

Ginglymostoma cirratum Nurse Shark Medium Unknown
Rhincodon typus Whale Shark Low Stable
Carcharhinus falciformis Silky Shark Low Declining
Carcharhinus leucas Bull Shark Low Unknown
Carcharhinus limbatus Blacktip Shark Low Stable
Carcharhinus perezii Reef Shark Low Unknown
Carcharhinus plumbeus Sandbar Shark Low Increasing
Galeocerdo cuvier Tiger Shark Low Stable
Negaprion brevirostris Lemon Shark Low Unknown
Rhizoprionodon terraenovae Atlantic Sharpnose Shark Medium Stable
Sphyrna lewini Scalloped Hammerhead Low Unknown
Sphyrna mokarran Great Hammerhead Low Unknown
Pristis pectinata Smalltooth Sawfish Low Declining
Aetobatus narinari Spotted Eagle Ray Unknown Unknown
Manta birostris Giant Manta Unknown Unknown
Megalops atlanticus Tarpon Low Stable
Echidna catenata Chain Moray Unknown Unknown
Enchelycore nigricans Viper Moray Unknown Unknown
Gymnothorax funebris Green Moray Unknown Unknown
Gymnothorax miliaris Goldentail Moray Unknown Unknown
Gymnothorax moringa Spotted Moray Unknown Unknown
Gymnothorax vicinus Purplemouth Moray Unknown Unknown
Opsanus beta Gulf Toadfish Medium Stable
Opsanus pardus Leopard Toadfish Low Stable
Antennarius striatus Striated Frogfish Unknown Unknown
Ogcocephalus corniger Longnose Batfish Low Stable
Mugil curema White Mullet Medium Stable
Hemiramphus brasiliensis Ballyhoo Low Stable
Bryx dunckeri Pugnose Pipefish Unknown Unknown
Cosmocampus albirostris Whitenose Pipefish Unknown Unknown
Cosmocampus elucens Shortfin Pipefish Unknown Unknown
Halicampus crinitus Banded Pipefish Unknown Unknown
Hippocampus reidi Longsnout Seahorse Low Stable
Aulostomus maculatus Atlantic Trumpetfish Unknown Unknown
Fistularia tabacaria Bluespotted Cornetfish Unknown Unknown
Centropomus undecimalis Common Snook Low Stable
Cephalopholis fulva Coney Unknown Unknown
Dermatolepis inermis Marbled Grouper Unknown Unknown
Epinephelus adscensionis Rock Hind Unknown Unknown
Epinephelus drummondhayi Speckled Hind Low Declining
Epinephelus flavolimbatus Yellowedge Grouper Low Stable
Epinephelus guttatus Red Hind Unknown Unknown
Epinephelus itajara Goliath Grouper Low Increasing
Epinephelus morio Red Grouper Low Increasing
Epinephelus nigritus Warsaw Grouper Low Declining
Epinephelus niveatus Snowy Grouper Low Declining
Epinephelus striatus Nassau Grouper Low Declining
Hypoplectrus aberrans Yellowbelly Hamlet Low Stable
Hypoplectrus gemma Blue Hamlet Low Stable
Hypoplectrus guttavarius Shy Hamlet Low Stable
Hypoplectrus indigo Indigo Hamlet Low Stable
Hypoplectrus nigricans Black Hamlet Low Stable
Hypoplectrus puella Barred Hamlet Low Stable
Hypoplectrus unicolor Butter Hamlet Low Stable
Liopropoma rubre Peppermint Basslet Unknown Unknown
Mycteroperca bonaci Black Grouper Low Increasing
Mycteroperca interstitialis Yellowmouth Grouper Unknown Unknown
Mycteroperca microlepis Gag Low Stable
Mycteroperca phenax Scamp Low Declining
Mycteroperca venenosa Yellowfin Grouper Unknown Unknown
Paranthias furcifer Atlantic Creole-fish Unknown Unknown
Pseudogramma gregoryi Reef Bass Unknown Unknown
Rypticus subbifrenatus Spotted Soapfish Unknown Unknown
Schultzea beta School Bass Unknown Unknown
Serranus annularis Orangeback Bass Low Stable
Serranus tabacarius Tobaccofish Low Stable
Serranus tigrinus Harlequin Bass Low Stable
Opistognathus macrognathus Banded Jawfish Unknown Unknown
Apogon aurolineatus Bridle Cardinalfish Unknown Unknown
Apogon binotatus Barred Cardinalfish Unknown Unknown
Apogon lachneri Whitestar Cardinalfish Unknown Unknown
Apogon maculatus Flamefish Unknown Unknown
Apogon planifrons Pale Cardinalfish Unknown Unknown
Apogon pseudomaculatus Twospot Cardinalfish Unknown Unknown
Apogon quadrisquamatus Sawcheek Cardinalfish Unknown Unknown
Apogon townsendi Belted Cardinalfish Unknown Unknown
Astrapogon alutus Bronze Cardinalfish Unknown Unknown
Astrapogon puncticulatus Blackfin Cardinalfish Unknown Unknown
Phaeoptyx conklini Freckled Cardinalfish Unknown Unknown
Phaeoptyx pigmentaria Dusky Cardinalfish Unknown Unknown
Phaeoptyx xenus Sponge Cardinalfish Unknown Unknown
Rachycentron canadum Cobia Low Stable
Alectis ciliaris African Pompano Unknown Unknown
Caranx latus Horse-eye Jack Unknown Unknown
Seriola dumerili Greater Amberjack Low Stable
Seriola rivoliana Almaco Jack Low Stable
Seriola zonata Banded Rudderfish Low Stable
Lutjanus analis Mutton Snapper Low Stable
Lutjanus apodus Schoolmaster Unknown Unknown
Lutjanus cyanopterus Cubera Snapper Unknown Unknown
Lutjanus griseus Gray Snapper Low Stable
Lutjanus jocu Dog Snapper Unknown Unknown
Lutjanus mahogoni Mahogany Snapper Unknown Unknown
Lutjanus synagris Lane Snapper Low Declining
Ocyurus chrysurus Yellowtail Snapper Low Stable
Rhomboplites aurorubens Vermilion Snapper Low Stable
Anisotremus surinamensis Black Margate Unknown Unknown
Anisotremus virginicus Porkfish Unknown Unknown
Haemulon album Margate Low Stable
Haemulon aurolineatum Tomtate Low Stable
Haemulon flavolineatum French Grunt Low Stable
Haemulon plumierii White Grunt Low Stable
Haemulon sciurus Bluestriped Grunt Low Stable
Calamus bajonado Jolthead Porgy Low Stable
Calamus calamus Saucereye Porgy Low Stable
Pagrus pagrus Red Porgy Low Stable
Equetus lanceolatus Jackknife-fish Low Stable
Equetus punctatus Spotted Drum Low Stable
Odontoscion dentex Reef Croaker Unknown Unknown
Pareques acuminatus High-hat Low Stable
Pempheris schomburgkii Glassy Sweeper Unknown Unknown
Chaetodon capistratus Foureye Butterflyfish Low Stable
Chaetodon ocellatus Spotfin Butterflyfish Low Stable
Chaetodon sedentarius Reef Butterflyfish Low Stable
Chaetodon striatus Banded Butterflyfish Low Stable
Prognathodes aculeatus Longsnout Butterflyfish Low Stable
Holacanthus bermudensis Blue Angelfish Low Stable
Holacanthus ciliaris Queen Angelfish Low Stable
Holacanthus tricolor Rock Beauty Low Stable
Pomacanthus arcuatus Gray Angelfish Low Stable
Pomacanthus paru French Angelfish Low Stable
Amblycirrhitus pinos Redspotted Hawkfish Unknown Unknown
Abudefduf saxatilis Sergeant Major Unknown Unknown
Chromis cyanea Blue Chromis Unknown Unknown
Chromis enchrysura Yellowtail Reeffish Unknown Unknown
Chromis insolata Sunshinefish Unknown Unknown
Chromis multilineata Brown Chromis Unknown Unknown
Chromis scotti Purple Reeffish Unknown Unknown
Microspathodon chrysurus Yellowtail Damselfish Unknown Unknown
Stegastes diencaeus Longfin Damselfish Unknown Unknown
Stegastes leucostictus Beaugregory Unknown Unknown
Stegastes partitus Bicolor Damselfish Unknown Unknown
Stegastes planifrons Threespot Damselfish Unknown Unknown
Stegastes variabilis Cocoa Damselfish Unknown Unknown
Bodianus pulchellus Spotfin Hogfish Unknown Unknown
Bodianus rufus Spanish Hogfish Unknown Unknown
Clepticus parrae Creole Wrasse Unknown Unknown
Halichoeres bathyphilus Greenband Wrasse Unknown Unknown
Halichoeres bivittatus Slippery Dick Unknown Unknown
Halichoeres caudalis Painted Wrasse Unknown Unknown
Halichoeres cyanocephalus Yellowcheek Wrasse Unknown Unknown
Halichoeres garnoti Yellowhead Wrasse Unknown Unknown
Halichoeres maculipinna Clown Wrasse Unknown Unknown
Halichoeres pictus Rainbow Wrasse Unknown Unknown
Halichoeres poeyi Blackear Wrasse Unknown Unknown
Halichoeres radiatus Puddingwife Unknown Unknown
Lachnolaimus maximus Hogfish Low Stable
Thalassoma bifasciatum Bluehead Unknown Unknown
Scarus coelestinus Midnight Parrotfish Unknown Unknown
Scarus coeruleus Blue Parrotfish Unknown Unknown
Scarus guacamaia Rainbow Parrotfish Unknown Unknown
Scarus iseri Striped Parrotfish Unknown Unknown
Scarus taeniopterus Princess Parrotfish Unknown Unknown
Scarus vetula Queen Parrotfish Unknown Unknown
Sparisoma atomarium Greenblotch Parrotfish Unknown Unknown
Sparisoma aurofrenatum Redband Parrotfish Unknown Unknown
Sparisoma chrysopterum Redtail Parrotfish Unknown Unknown
Sparisoma rubripinne Yellowtail Parrotfish Unknown Unknown
Sparisoma viride Stoplight Parrotfish Unknown Unknown
Labrisomus bucciferus Puffcheek Blenny Unknown Unknown
Labrisomus gobio Palehead Blenny Unknown Unknown
Labrisomus guppyi Mimic Blenny Unknown Unknown
Labrisomus haitiensis Longfin Blenny Unknown Unknown
Labrisomus kalisherae Downy Blenny Unknown Unknown
Labrisomus nigricinctus Spotcheek Blenny Unknown Unknown
Malacoctenus aurolineatus Goldline Blenny Unknown Unknown
Malacoctenus macropus Rosy Blenny Unknown Unknown
Malacoctenus triangulatus Saddled Blenny Unknown Unknown
Paraclinus grandicomis Horned Blenny Unknown Unknown
Paraclinus nigripinnis Blackfin Blenny Unknown Unknown
Starksia ocellata Checkered Blenny Unknown Unknown
Starksia starcki Key Blenny Low Unknown
Acanthemblemaria aspera Roughhead Blenny Unknown Unknown
Emblemaria atlantica Banner Blenny Unknown Unknown
Emblemaria pandionis Sailfin Blenny Unknown Unknown
Emblemariopsis bahamensis Blackhead Blenny Unknown Unknown
Emblemariopsis diaphana Glass Blenny Unknown Unknown
Hemiemblemaria simula Wrasse Blenny Unknown Unknown
Stathmonotus hemphilli Blackbelly Blenny Unknown Unknown
Hypleurochilus bermudensis Barred Blenny Unknown Unknown
Ophioblennius macclurei Redlip Blenny Unknown Unknown
Coryphopterus dicrus Colon Goby Unknown Unknown
Coryphopterus eidolon Pallid Goby Unknown Unknown
Coryphopterus glaucofraenum Bridled Goby Unknown Unknown
Coryphopterus hyalinus Glass Goby Unknown Unknown
Coryphopterus lipernes Peppermint Goby Unknown Unknown
Coryphopterus personatus Masked Goby Unknown Unknown
Coryphopterus thrix Bartial Goby Unknown Unknown
Elacatinus oceanops Neon Goby Unknown Unknown
Lythrypnus nesiotes Island Goby Unknown Unknown
Lythrypnus phorellus Convict Goby Unknown Unknown
Lythrypnus spilus Bluegold Goby Unknown Unknown
Priolepis hipoliti Rusty Goby Unknown Unknown
Acanthurus bahianus Ocean Surgeon Low Stable
Acanthurus chirurgus Doctorfish Low Stable
Acanthurus coeruleus Blue Tang Low Stable
Balistes capriscus Gray Triggerfish Low Stable
Balistes vetula Queen Triggerfish Low Stable
Aluterus scriptus Scrawled Filefish Unknown Unknown
Cantherhines pullus Orangespotted Filefish Unknown Unknown
Monacanthus tuckeri Slender Filefish Unknown Unknown
Lactophrys bicaudalis Spotted Trunkfish Low Stable
Lactophrys trigonus Trunkfish Low Stable
Lactophrys triqueter Smooth Trunkfish Low Stable
Canthigaster rostrata Sharpnose Puffer Unknown Unknown
Chilomycterus schoepfii Striped Burrfish Medium Stable
Diodon holocanthus Balloonfish Unknown Unknown

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Invertebrates

Scientific Name

Common Name

Status

Trend

Ircinia campana Vase Sponge Abundant Increasing
Spheciospongia vesparia Loggerhead Sponge Abundant Increasing
Bartholomea annulata Ringed Anemone Unknown Unknown
Condylactis gigantea Pink-tip Anemone Unknown Unknown
Antipathes barbadensis Bottle Bruch Black Coral Unknown Unknown
Antipathes pennacea Feather Black Coral Unknown Unknown
Discosoma sanctithomae Warty False Coral Unknown Unknown
Rhodactis spp. False Coral Low Declining
Ricordea florida Florida False Coral Low Declining
Gorgonia ventalina Purple Sea Fan Medium Declining
Acropora cervicornis Staghorn Coral Low Declining
Acropora palmata Elkhorn Coral Low Declining
Agaricia agaricites Lettuce Coral Low Declining
Agaricia fragilis Fragile Saucer Coral Low Stable
Agaricia lamarcki Sheet Coral Low Declining
Leptoseris cucullata Sunray Lettuce Coral Low Declining
Stephanocenia intersepta Blushing Star Coral Low Increasing
Eusmilia fastigiata Smooth Flower Coral Low Declining
Cladocora arbuscula Tube Coral Low Stable
Colpophyllia natans Boulder Brain Coral Low Declining
Diploria clivosa Knobby Brain Coral Low Stable
Diploria labyrinthiformis Grooved Brain Coral Low Declining
Diploria strigosa Symmetrical Brain Coral Low Declining
Favia fragum Golf Ball Coral Medium Stable
Manicina areolata Rose Coral Low Stable
Montastraea annularis Column Star Coral Medium Declining
Montastraea cavernosa Great Star Coral Medium Declining
Solenastrea bournoni Smooth Star Coral Low Stable
Solenastrea hyades Knobby Star Coral Low Stable
Dendrogyra cylindrus Pillar Coral Low Declining
Dichocoenia stokesi Pineapple Coral Low Declining
Meandrina meandrites Maze Coral Low Stable
Isophyllastraea rigida Rough Star Coral Low Stable
Isophyllia sinuosa Sinuous Cactus Coral Low Stable
Mussa angulosa Large Flower Coral Low Stable
Mycetophyllia aliciae Knobby Cactus Coral Low Declining
Mycetophyllia danaana Low-ridge Cactus Coral Low Declining
Mycetophyllia ferox Rough Cactus Coral Low Stable
Mycetophyllia lamarckiana Ridged Cactus Coral Low Declining
Scolymia cubensis Artichoke Coral Low Stable
Scolymia lacera Atlantic Mushroom Coral Low Stable
Oculina diffusa Diffuse Ivory Bush Coral Low Stable
Oculina robusta Robust Ivory Tree Coral Low Stable
Madracis decactis Ten-rayed Star Coral Low Stable
Madracis formosa Eight-rayed Star Coral Low Stable
Madracis mirabilis Yellow Pencil Coral Low Stable
Madracis pharensis Encrusting Star Coral Low Stable
Porites astreoides Mustard Hill Coral Low Declining
Porites branneri Blue Crust Coral Low Stable
Porites porites Finger Coral Low Declining
Astrangia poculata Northern Star Coral Low Stable
Astrangia solitaria Solitary Cup Coral Low Stable
Phyllangia americana Hidden Cup Coral Low Stable
Siderastrea radians Lesser Starlet Coral Low Declining
Siderastrea siderea Massive Starlet Coral Low Declining
Palythoa caribaeorum Golden Sea Mat Medium Stable
Zoanthus pulchellus Green Sea Mat Low Declining
Millepora alcicornis Encrusting Fire Coral Low Declining
Millepora complanata Bladed Fire Coral Low Declining
Physalia physalis Portuguese Man-o-war Unknown Unknown
Distichopora violacea Violet Lace Coral Low Declining
Stylaster filogranus Frilly Lace Coral Low Declining
Spondylus americanus Atlantic Thorny Oyster Unknown Unknown
Octopus vulgaris Octopus Abundant Stable
Cypraea cervus Atlantic Deer Cowrie Abundant Stable
Cyphoma gibbosum Flamingo Tongue Low Declining
Charonia tritonis variegata Atlantic Trumpet Triton Low Declining
Strombus gigas Queen Conch Low
Elysia crispata Lettuce Slug Unknown Unknown
Comactinia echinoptera Red Arm Sea Feather Low Declining
Nemaster spp. Feather Stars Low Declining
Diadema antillarum Long-spined Urchin Low Stable
Holothuria floridana Florida Sea Cucumber Unknown Unknown
Ophiophragmus filograneus Brittle Star Unknown Unknown
Asteroporpa annulata Basket Star Unknown Unknown
Astrophyton muricatum Basket Star Unknown Unknown
Hermodice carunculata Fire (Bristle) Worm Unknown Unknown
Spirobranchus gigantea gigantea Christmas Tree Worm Unknown Unknown
Clibanarius tricolor Blue-legged or tricolor Hermit Crab Unknown Unknown
Lysmata wurdemanni Peppermint Shrimp Unknown Unknown
Mithrax spinosissimus Caribbean King Crab, Channel Clinging Crab Unknown Unknown
Stenorynchus seticornis Yellowline Arrow Crab Unknown Unknown
Phimochirus operculatus Polkadotted Hermit Crab Unknown Unknown
Periclimenes yucatanicus Spotted Cleaner Shrimp Unknown Unknown
Panulirus argus Spiny Lobster Abundant Stable
Stenopus hispidus Banded-coral Shrimp Abundant Stable
Cicindela olivacea Olive Tiger Beetle Unknown Unknown
Didemnum vanderhorst. Tunicates Medium Unknown
Eudistoma species indeterminate Strawberry Tunicates Medium Unknown

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FWC Facts:
Our bass fisheries provide significant value to our state. Ensuring healthy lakes and rivers benefits many species of fish and wildlife as well as trophy fisheries.

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