Overview of black bass habitat in Florida:

WadeFishing.jpgHabitat components that have been found to be important to bass and other freshwater fishes include water quality and quantity, structure, biota and location. Water quality includes factors such as toxic pollutants, water clarity, water color and the amount of nutrients and minerals in the water. Water quantity addresses the overall size and depth of the water body as well as natural seasonal variations, or water schedules and minimum flow rates where man-made structures alter natural conditions. Structure includes such things as deep cuts in the bottom or irregular contours along the shoreline, the makeup of the bottom material (rocky, sandy, muddy or deep muck), and things like fallen trees, piers or artificial fish attractors. Biota is very critical and refers to not only the other fish and wildlife in the water body that are potential predators, competitors or prey, but also the aquatic vegetation. Vegetation can be microscopic algae, or submersed, emergent or floating plants. A proper combination of plants is essential to healthy aquatic ecosystems. Location primarily refers to whether water bodies are coastal or inland, sit on karst topography that creates sink holes, and how far north-south they are in the state, which affects temperatures, rainfall and spawning seasons.

 

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FWC Facts:
Blue tilapia, or Nile perch, are mouth brooders, carrying fertilized eggs and fry in their mouths to protect them.

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