View a bibliography of publications by staff members in the Marine Mammal subsection.

Publication List for the Marine Mammal Subsection

FWRI-PUBLISHED

2011

Ward-Geiger, L., A. Knowlton, A. Amos, T. Pitchford, B. Mase-Guthrie, and B. Zoodsma. 2011. Recent sightings of the North Atlantic right whale in the Gulf of Mexico. Gulf of Mexico Science 29(1), pp. 74-78.

Barlas, M. E., C. J. Deutsch, M. de Wit, and L. I. Ward-Geiger (editors). 2011. Florida manatee cold-related unusual mortality event, January-April 2010. Final report to USFWS (grant 40181AG037). Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, St. Petersburg, Florida. 138 pp.
Download 2010 Manatee Cold-related UME Final Report (PDF 11 MB)

Martin, Julien, Jeffrey A Royle, Darryl I Mackenzie, Holly H Edwards, Mark Kéry, and Beth Gardner. 2011. Accounting for non-independent detection when estimating abundance of organisms with a Bayesian approach. Methods in Ecology and Evolution.

Reynolds, J. E., I. Morales-Vela, I. Lawler and H. H. Edwards. Utility and Design of Aerial Surveys for Sirenians.  Hines, E., J.E. Reynolds, III, A. A. Mignucci-Giannoni, L. V. Aragones, and M. Marmontel (eds.). Sirenian Conservation: Issues and Strategies in Developing Countries. University of Florida Press, Gainesville. Access Publication.

2010

Deutsch, C. J. and J. E. Reynolds III. In press. Florida manatee status and conservation issues: a primer. In: Sirenian Conservation: Issues and Strategies in Developing Countries. Edited by E. Hines, J. E. Reynolds III, L. V. Aragones, A. A. Mignucci-Giannoni, and M. Marmontel. University of Florida Press, Gainesville.

Tripp, K. M., J. P. Verstegen, C. J. Deutsch, R. K. Bonde, M. de Wit, C. A. Manire, J. Gaspard, and K. E. Harr. 2010. Evaluation of adrenocortical function in Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris). Zoo Biology 29: 1-15.

2009

Christopher J. Fonnesbeck, Holly H. Edwards, and John E. Reynolds III. 2009. A hierarchical covariate model for detection, availability and abundance of Florida manatees at a warm water aggregation site. Pp. 563-578 in: D.L. Thomson et al. (eds.), Modeling Demographic Processes in Marked Populations, Environmental and Ecological Statistics 3, DOI 10.1007/978-0-387-78151-8 24.

John W. Harvey, Kendal E. Harr, David Murphy, Michael T. Walsh, Elizabeth C. Nolan, Robert K. Bonde, Melanie G. Pate, Charles J. Deutsch, Holly H. Edwards, and William L. Clapp. 2009. Hematology of healthy Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus). Veterinary Clinical Pathology, v.38 no.2, p.183-193.

2008

Fonnesbeck, C.J., L.P. Garrison, L.I. Ward-Geiger, R.D. Baumstark. 2008. Bayesian hierarchical model for evaluating the risk of vessel strikes on North Atlantic right whales in the SE United States. Endangered Species Research, ESR 6:87-94 (2008). Access Publication.

Keller, Martha, José L. Moliner, Grettys Vásquez, Danilo Cruz, Orestes Bello, Alex M. Costidis, Sentiel A. Rommel, aron B. Calderwood Mays, and Scott Gearhart. Nephrolithiasis and Pyelonephritis in Two West Indian Manatees (Trichechus manatus spp.) Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 44(3), 2008, pp. 707-711 # Wildlife Disease Association 2008.

2007

C. S. Calleson and R. K. Frohlich. 2007. Slower boat speeds reduce risks to manatees. Endangered Species Research 3:295-304.

Deutsch, C. J., C. Self-Sullivan, and A. A. Mignucci-Giannoni. 2007. Trichechus manatus. In: IUCN 2007. 2007 Red List of Threatened Species. Access IUCN.

Holly H. Edwards, Kenneth H. Pollock, Bruce B. Ackerman, John E. Reynolds, III, and James A. Powell. 2007. Estimation of detection probability in manatee aerial surveys at a winter aggregation site. The Journal of Wildlife Management, v.71 no.6, p.2502-2060.

Harvey, J.W., K.E. Harr, D. Murphy, M.T. Walsh, E.J. Chittick, R.K. Bonde, M.G. Pate, C.J. Deutsch, H.H. Edwards and E.M. Haubold. 2007. Clinical biochemistry in healthy manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 38(2):269-279.

Michael G. Sorice, Richard O. Flamm, Sara McDonald. 2007. Factors influencing behavior in a boating speed zone. Coastal Management, v.35, p.357-374.

Sentiel A. Rommel, Alexander M. Costidis, Thomas D. Pitchford, Jessica D. Lightsey, Richard H. Snyder, and Elsa M. Haubold. 2007. Forensic methods for characterizing watercraft from watercraft-induced wounds on the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris). Marine Mammal Science, v.23 no.1, p.110-132.

Jessica Siegal-Willott, D.V.M., Amara Estrada, D.V.M., Dipl. A.C.V.I.M. (Cardiology), Robert Bonde, B.A., Arthur Wong, B.S., Daniel J. Estrada, M.B.A., M.H.A, and Kendal Harr, D.V.M., M.S., Dipl. A.C.V.P. 2007. Electrocardiography in two subspecies of Manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris and T. M. manatus). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 37(4): 447-453.

2006

Deutsch, C. J., H. H. Edwards, and M. E. Barlas.  2006. Florida manatee foraging behavior around a winter warm-water refuge. Final Report to the Wildlife Foundation of Florida. Grant No. CWT0405-12.

Harr, K.E., J.W. Harvey, R.K. Bonde, D. Murphy, M. Lowe, M. Menchaca, E.M. Haubold, R. Francis-Floyd. 2006. Comparison of methods used to diagnose generalized inflammatory disease in manatees.  Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 37(2):151-159.

Haubold, E. M., C. J. Deutsch, and C. Fonnesbeck. 2006. Final Biological Status Review of the Florida Manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris). Final report. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, St. Petersburg, Florida. 133 pp.

Jessica D. Lightsey, Sentiel A. Rommel, Alexander M. Costidis, Thomas D. Pitchford. 2006. Methods used during gross necropsy to determine watercraft-related mortality in the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine v.37 no.3, p.262-275.

Keller, C., L. I. Ward-Geiger, W.B. Brooks, C.K. Slay, C.R. Taylor, B. Zoodsma. 2006. North Atlantic right whale distribution in relation to sea surface temperature in the southeastern United States calving grounds.  Marine Mammal Science 22(2): 426-445 (April 2006).

Rommel, S.A., and A.M. Costidis, Manatee necropsy procedure. The husbandry and veterinary care of captive Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Atlanta, Georgia. In Press.

Rommel, S.A. Manatee Anatomy. The husbandry and veterinary care of captive Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Atlanta, Georgia. In Press.

Final Biological Status Review of the Florida Manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) (PDF file-3.28MB)

2005

Flamm R.O., B.L. Weigle, I.E. Wright, M. Ross, and S. Aglietti.  2005. Estimation of manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) places and movement corridors, an application of satellite telemetry data. Ecological Applications 15:1415-1426.

Flewelling, L.J., Naar, J.P, Abbott, J., Baden, D, Barros, N., Bossart, G.D., Bottein, M.D., Hammond, D.G, Haubold, E.M., Heil,C.A., Henry, M.S., Jacocks, H.M., Leighfield, T.A., Pierce, R.H., Pitchford, T.D., Rommel, S.A., Scott, P.S., Steidinger, K.A., Truby, E.W., Van Dolah, F.M., and Landsberg, J.H.  2005. Unexpected vectors of brevetoxins during marine mammal mortalities. Nature 435:755-756.

Ward-Geiger, L.I. G.K. Silber, R.D. Baumstark, and T.L. Pulfer. 2005. Characterization of Ship Traffic in Right Whale Critical Habitat. Coastal Management 33:263-278.

2004

Bossart, G.D., R.A. Meisner, S.A. Rommel, J.D. Lightsey, R.A. Varela, and R.H. Defran. 2004. Pathologic findings in Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris). Aquatic Mammals 30(3): 434-440.

Langtimm, C.A., C.A. Beck, H.H. Edwards, K.J. Fick-Child, B.B. Ackerman, S.L. Barton, and W.C. Hartley. 2004. Survival estimates for Florida manatees from the photo-identification of individuals. Marine Mammal Science 20(3): 438-463.

Nowacek, S.M., R.S. Wells, E.C.G. Owen, T.R. Speakman, R.O. Flamm, and D.P. Nowacek. 2004. Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris) respond to approaching vessels. Biological Conservation 119: 517-523.

Reynolds, J.E., III, S.A. Rommel, and M.E. Pitchford. 2004. Likelihood of sperm competition in manatees  explaining an apparent paradox. Marine Mammal Science 20 (3): 464-476.

2003

Aipanjiguly, Sampreethi, Susan K. Jacobson, and Richard Flamm. 2003. Conserving manatees: knowledge, attitudes, and intentions of boaters in Tampa Bay, Florida. Conservation Biology 17:1098-1105.

Bossart, Gregory D., Rene A. Meisner, S.A. Rommel, Shin-je Ghim, and A. Bennett Jenson. 2003.Pathological features of the Florida manatee cold stress syndrome. Aquatic Mammals 29.1:9-17.

Deutsch, C.J., J.P. Reid, R.K. Bonde, D.E. Easton, H.I. Kochman, and T.J. O'Shea. 2003. Seasonal movements, migratory behavior, and site fidelity of West Indian manatees along the Atlantic Coast of the United States. Wildlife Monographs 151: 1-77.

Deutsch, C. J., H. H. Edwards, and A. J. Smith. 2003. Argos-linked GPS tags as a new tool to investigate manatee behavior: preliminary results on winter use of a warm-water refuge. 6 pp. in Proceedings of the Argos Animal Tracking Symposium. March 24-26, 2003. Annapolis, Maryland. Unnumbered.

Keith, Allan R. and Lucy W. Keith. 2003. More Pelagic bird sightings off Dominica. Journal of Caribbean Ornithology 16.1:26-30.

Rommel, S.A., and H. Caplan. 2003. Vascular adaptations for heat conservation in the tail of Florida manatees, (Trichechus manatus latirostris). Journal of Anatomy 202: 343-353.

Rommel, S.A, J.E. Reynolds III, and H.A. Lynch. 2003. Adaptations of the herbivorous marine mammals.  Pages 287-306 in: L.'t Mannetje, L. Ramerez-Aviles, C. Sandoval-Castro, and J.C. Ku-Vera. (eds.),  Recent developments in the nutrition of herbivores.  Proceedings of the VIth International Symposium on the Nutrition of Herbivores, 19-24 October 2003, Merida, Yucatan, Mexico.

Rommel, S.A. and Heather Caplan. 2003. Vascular adaptations for heat conservation in the tail of Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris). Journal of Anatomy. 202: 343-353.

2002

Clark, L., Cowan, D.F., Worthy, G.A.J., Haubold, E.M.(2002) Anatomical and pathological examination of the first recorded stranding of a fraser's dolphin (Lagenodelphis hosei) in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico. Gulf of Mexico Science 20(1):38-43.

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. 2002. Final Biological Status Review of the Florida Manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris). Final report. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Florida Marine Research Institute, St. Petersburg, Florida. 148 pp.

Haubold, Elsa M., McGinnis, Michael R., Cooper, Chester R., Jr., Cowan, Daniel F. (2002) Molecular identification of the infective agent of Lobo's disease of dolphins in Molecular and Cell Biology of Marine Mammals, Carl Pfeiffer, editor, Krieger Publishers.

Kipps, E.K., W.A. McLellan, S.A. Rommel, and D.A. Pabst. 2002. Skin density and its influence on buoyancy in the manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris), harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena), and bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus). Marine Mammal Science 18: 765-778.

McLellan, W.A., H.N. Koopman, S.A. Rommel, A.J. Read, C.W. Potter, J.R. Nicholas, A.J. Westgate, and D.A. Pabst.2002. Ontogenetic allometry and body composition of harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) from the western North Atlantic. Journal of Zoology. 257:457-471.

Reynolds, J.E., III and J.A. Powell, Jr. 2002. The manatees--Family Trichechidae (Trichechus manatus, T. senegalensis, and T. inunguis) In: W.F. Perrin, B. Wursig, and H. Thewissen, editors. Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, Academic Press, San Diego, CA.

Reynolds, J.E., III, S.A. Rommel, and M.E. Bolen. 2002. Post-cranial anatomy: orientation and organization of the soft tissues. In: W.F. Perrin, B. Wursig, and H. Thewissen, editors. Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, Academic Press, San Diego, CA.

Rommel, S., D. Pabst, and W. McLellan. 2002. Skull morphology of marine mammals. In: W.F. Perrin, B. Wursig, and H. Thewissen, editors. Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, Academic Press, San Diego, CA.

Rommel, S.A. and J.E. Reynolds, III. 2002. Postcranial skeletal morphology of marine mammals. In: W.F. Perrin, B. Wursig, and H. Thewissen, editors, Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, Academic Press, San Diego, CA.

Wright, I. E., J. E. Reynolds, B. B. Ackerman, L. I. Ward, B. L. Weigle, and W.A. Szelistowski. 2002. Trends in manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) counts and habitat use in Tampa Bay, 1987-1994: Implications for conservation. Marine Mammal Science.

2001

Ackerman, B.B. and J.A. Powell. 2001. Can manatee numbers continue to grow in a fast-developing state? Pages 313-320 in D.S. Maehr, R.F. Noss, and J.L. Larkin, editors. Large Mammal Restoration: Ecological and Sociological Challenges in the 21st Century. Island Press Books, Covelo, CA. [Proceedings, Symposium on Large Mammal Restoration: Ecological and Sociological Considerations. The Wildlife Society annual meeting, Austin, Texas, Sept. 7-11, 1999.]

Edwards, H. H., and G. D. Schnell. 2001. Observations on body length, swimming speed, dive duration and coloration of the Tucuxi (Sotalia fluviatilis) in Nicaragua. Caribbean Journal of Science

Edwards, H. H., and G. D. Schnell. 2001. Status and ecology of Sotalia fluviatilis in the Cayos Misktos Reserve Nicaragua. Marine Mammal Science. 17: 445-472.

Flamm, R.O., L.I. Ward, and B.L. Weigle. 2001. Applying a variable-shaped spatial filter to map relative abundance of manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris). Landscape Ecology 16:279-288.

Haase, P. and K. Schneider. 2001. Birth demographics of bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus, in Doubtful Sound, Fiordland, New Zealand-preliminary findings. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 35:675-680.

Reid, J. P, S. M. Butler, D. E. Easton, and C. J. Deutsch. 2001. Fifteen years of success in tracking manatees with the Argos system: an overview of programs and techniques. 9 pp. in Proceedings of the Argos International Users' Conference, April 23-25, 2001. Annapolis, Maryland. Unnumbered.

Rommel, S.A. and L. Lowenstine. 2001. Gross and Microscopic Anatomy. Pages 129-163 in L. Dierauf, and J.D. Gulland, editors. 2001. CRC Handbook of Marine Mammal Medicine, Second Edition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

Rommel, S. A., D. A. Pabst, and W. A. McLellan. 2001. Functional morphology of venous structures associated with the male and female reproductive systems in Flroida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris)

Rommel, S.A. and L. Lowenstein. 2001. Gross and microscopic anatomy. Pages 129-163 in L. Dierauf and J.D. Gulland, editors. CRC Handbook of Marine Mammal Medicine, second edition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

Sidman, C., and R. Flamm. 2001. A survey of methods for characterizing recreational boating in Charlotte Harbor, FL. Final Report. Florida Sea Grant Publication. TP-109. 47 pp.

Weigle, B. L., I.E. Wright, M. Ross, and R. Flamm. 2001. Movements of radio-tagged manatees in Tamap Bay and along Florida's west coast, 1991-1996. FMRI Technical Reports TR-7. St. Petersburg, Florida. 156 pp.

Young, N.M. and S. Shapiro. 2001. U.S. Federal Legislation Governing Marine Mammals. Pages 741-766 in L. Dierauf, and J.D. Gulland, editors. 2001. CRC Handbook of Marine Mammal Medicine, Second Edition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

2000

Ackerman, B.B., and J. E. Reynolds III. 2000. Manatee use of power plant effluents as shown by winter aerial surveys. 6pp. in USFWS. Florida manatees and warm water: Proceedings of the Warm-Water Workshop, Jupiter, Florida, August 24-25, 1999. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Jacksonville, FL. Unnumbered.

Deutsch, C. J. 2000. Winter use of thermal refugia by radio-tagged manatees along the Atlantic coast. 3 pp. in U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Florida manatees and warm water: Proceedings of the warm-water workshop, Jupiter, Florida, August 24-25, 1999. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Jacksonville, FL. Unnumbered.

Deutsch, C. J., J. P. Reid, L. W. Lefebvre, D. E. Easton, and B. J. Zoodsma. 2000. Manatee response to elimination of a thermal refuge in northeastern Florida: a preliminary report of results. 3 pp. in U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Florida manatees and warm water: Proceedings of the warm-water workshop, Jupiter, Florida, August 24-25, 1999. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Jacksonville, FL. Unnumbered.

Fagone, D.M., S.A. Rommel, and M.E. Bolen. 2000. Sexual dimorphism in vestigial pelvic bones of Florida manatees. Florida Scientist 63(3):177-181.

Flamm, R.O., E.C.G. Owen, C.F.W. Owen, R.S. Wells, and D. Nowacek. Aerial videogrammetry from a tethered airship to assess manatee life-stage structure. Marine Mammal Science 16(3):617-630.

Flamm, R.O. 2000. Conceptual model: framework for research and management of warm-water/manatee relationship. 4pp. in USFWS. Florida manatees and warm water: Proceedings of the Warm-Water Workshop, Jupiter, Florida, August 24-25, 1999. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Jacksonville, FL. Unnumbered.

FWC. 2000. Annual Report, Save the Manatee Trust Fund, Fiscal Year 1999-2000. Florida Marine Research Institute, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee, Fla. 17 pp. December 2000.

FWC. 2000. Atlas of Marine Resources CD-ROM, Version 1.3. R.O. Flamm, L.I. Ward, and M.D. White, editors. Florida Marine Research Institute, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, St. Petersburg, Fla.

Haubold, E.M., Cooper, C.R., Wen, J. McGinnis, M.R., Cowan, D.F. (2000) Comparative Morphometrics of Loboa loboi in dolphins and humans. Medical Mycology 38(1):9-14.

Jacobson, S., S. Aipanjiguly, and R. Flamm. 2000. Survey research on Florida boaters and manatee management. Final Report submitted to the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Contract #99106. University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla. 66 pp.

Lefebvre, L.W., J.P. Reid, W.J. Kenworthy, and J.A. Powell. 2000. Characterizing manatee habitat use and seagrass grazing in Florida and Puerto Ric implications for conservation and management. Pacific Conservation Biology 5:289-298.

Rommel, S. and J.E. Reynolds, III. 2000. Diaphragm structure and function in the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris). Anatomical Record 259(1):41-51. (cover article)

Worthy, G., T.A. Miculka, and S.D. Wright. 2000. Manatee response to cold: how cold is too cold? 6 pp. in USFWS. Florida manatees and warm water: Proceedings of the Warm-Water Workshop, Jupiter, Florida, August 24-25, 1999. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Jacksonville, FL. Unnumbered.

1999

Ackerman, B.B., T.D. Pitchford, B.L. Weigle, J.E. Reynolds III, R.S. Wells, and M.A. Baran. 1999. Chapter 11. Marine Mammals. Pages 11-1 to 11-13 in J.R. Pribble, A.J. Janicki, and H. Greening, editors. Baywide Environmental Monitoring Report, 1993-1998, Tampa Bay, Florida. Tampa Bay Estuary Program, Technical Publication 07-99. St. Petersburg, Florida.

Pabst, D.A., S.A. Rommel, and W.A. McLellan. 1999. The functional morphology of marine mammals. Pages 15-72 in J.E. Reynolds, III, and S. A. Rommel, editors. Biology of Marine Mammals. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 578 pp.

Reynolds, J.E., III, S.A. Rommel and D.K. Odell. 1999. Marine mammals of the World, Pages 1-14 in J.E. Reynolds, III, and S. A. Rommel, editors. Biology of Marine Mammals. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 578 pp.

Reynolds, J.E. III, and S.A. Rommel, editors. 1999. Biology of Marine Mammals. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. ISBN 1560983752: 578 pp.

1998

Bossart, G.D., D.G. Baden, R.Y. Ewing, B. Roberts, and S.D. Wright. 1998. Brevetoxicosis in manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris) from the 1996 epizootic: gross, histologic and immunohistochemical features. Toxicologic Pathology 26(2):276-282.

Haubold, E.M., Aronson, J.F., Cowan, D.F., McGinnis, M.R., Cooper, C.R. (1998). Isolation of fungal rDNA from bottlenose dolphin skin infected with Loboa loboi. Medical Mycology 36(5):263-267.

Koelsch, J.K., and T.D. Pitchford. 1998. Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris) in Charlotte Harbor. Pages 171-185 in S.F. Treat, editor. Proceedings of the Charlotte Harbor Public Conference and Technical Symposium, Punta Gorda, Florida, March 15-16, 1997. Charlotte Harbor National Estuary Program, Technical Report
98-02. North Ft. Myers, Florida.

Miller, K.E., B.B. Ackerman, L.W. Lefebvre, and K.B. Clifton. 1998. An evaluation of strip-transect aerial survey methods for monitoring manatee populations in Florida. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 26(3): 561-570.

Pabst, D.A., S.A. Rommel, and W.A. McLellan. 1998. Evolution of Thermoregulatory Function in Cetacean Reproductive Systems. Pages 379-397 in H. Thewissen, editor. The Emergence of Whales. Plenum Press, New York.

Pence, D.B., and S.D. Wright. 1998. Chaelonacarus elongatus n. gen., n. sp. (Acari; Cloacardae) from the cloaca of the green turtle (Chelonia midas; Cheloniidae). The Journal of Parasitology 84(4): 835-839.

Rommel, S.A., D.A. Pabst, and W.A. McLellan. 1998. Reproductive thermoregulation in marine mammals. American Scientist 86(5):440-448.

Rommel, S.A., J.E. Reynolds, III, and R.S. Wells, editors. 1998. Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Atlantic Coastal Dolphin Conference, 1-3 May 1998, Sarasota, FL,. 120 pp.

Shay, M.E., S.A. Rommel, and J.E. Reynolds III. 1998. Cranial ossification of the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris): developing a relative age scale. In: S.A. Rommel, J.E. Reynolds, III, and R.S. Wells, editors. Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Atlantic Coastal Dolphin Conference, 1-3 May 1998, Sarasota, FL,. 120 pp.

Wright, I. E., S. D. Wright, and J. M. Sweat. 1998. Use of passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags to identify manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris). Marine Mammal Science 14(3):239-247.

Deutsch, C.J., R.K. Bonde, and J.P. Reid.1998. Radio-tracking manatees from land and space: Tag design, implementation, and lessons learned from long-term study. Marine Technology Society Journal 21(1): 18-29.

1997

Ward-Geiger, L.I. 1997. Blubber depth and body condition indices in the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris). M.S. Thesis, University of South Florida, St. Petersburg. 119 pages.

1996

Reynolds, J.E., III, and S.A. Rommel. 1996. Structure and function of the gastrointestinal tract of the Florida manatee, Trichechus manatus latirostris. Anatomical Record 245:539-558.

Sweat, J.M. 1996. A characterization of kidney epithelial cells from the West Indian manatee Trichechus manatus. M.S. Thesis, University of South Florida, Tampa.

Thomas, C.T. 1996. Aerial survey of coastal bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus, along the east coast of Florida. M.S. Thesis, Univ. N. Carolina, Wilmington. 34 pp.

Weigle, B. 1996. Marine mammals. Pages 10:1-8 in A.P. Squires, A.J. Janicki, and H. Greening, editors. Tampa Bay Environmental Monitoring Report, 1992-1993. Tech. Publ. 15-96, Tampa Bay National Estuary Program, St. Petersburg, Fla.

1995

Duignan, P.J., C. House, M.T. Walsh, T. Campbell, G.D. Bossart, N. Duffy, P.J. Fernandes, B. K. Rima, S. Wright, and J.R. Geraci. 1995. Morbillivirus infection in manatees. Marine Mammal Science. 11(4):441-451.

O'Shea, T.J., B.B. Ackerman, and H.F. Percival, editors. 1995. Population Biology of the Florida Manatee. National Biological Service, Information and Technical Report 1. Washington, D.C. 289 pp. [Proceedings of the Technical Workshop on Manatee Population Biology, February 4-6, 1992, Gainesville, Fla.]

Includes:
Ackerman, B.B. Aerial surveys of manatees: a summary and progress report. Pages 13-33.

Ackerman, B.B., S.D. Wright, R.K. Bonde, D.K. Odell, and D.J. Banowetz. Trends and patterns in mortality of manatees in Florida, 1974-1992. Pages 223-258.

Garrott, R.A., B.B. Ackerman, J.R. Cary, D.M. Heisey, J.E. Reynolds, III, and J.R. Wilcox. Assessment of trends in sizes of manatee populations at several Florida aggregation sites. Pages 34-55.

Lefebvre, L.W., B.B. Ackerman, K.M. Portier, and K.H. Pollock. Aerial survey as a technique for estimating trends in manatee population size-problems and prospects. Pages 63-74.

O'Shea, T.J, and B.B. Ackerman. Population biology of the Florida manatee: an overview. Pages 280-287.

Wright, S.D., B.B. Ackerman, R.K. Bonde, C.A. Beck, and D.J. Banowetz. Analysis of watercraft-related mortality of manatees in Florida, 1979-1991. Pages 259-268.

1994

Garrott, R.A., B.B. Ackerman, J.R. Cary, D.M. Heisey, J.E. Reynolds III, P.M. Rose, and J.R. Wilcox. 1994. Trends in counts of Florida manatees at winter aggregation sites. Journal of Wildlife Management 58(4):642-654.

Deutsch, C.J., D.E. Crocker, D.P. Costa, and B.J. Le Boeuf. 1994. Sex- and age related variation in reproductive effort of northern elephant seals. Pages 169-210 in Elephant Seals: Population Ecology, Behavior and Physiology. Edited by B.J. Le Boeuf and R.M. Laws. University of California Press, Berkeley.

Haley, M.P., C.J. Deutsch, and B.J. Le Boeuf. 1994. Size dominance and copulatory success in male northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris). Animal Behaviour 48(6): 1249-1260.

1993

Bradley, J.L., S.D. Wright, and P.M. McGuire. 1993. The Florida manatee: cytochrome b DNA sequence. Marine Mammal Science 9(2):197-202.

Ward, L.I., and B. Weigle. 1993. To save a species: GIS for manatee research and management. GIS World 6(8):34-37.

1991

Haley, M.P., C.J. Deutsch, and B.J. Le Boeuf. 1991. A method for estimating weight of large pinnipeds. Marine Mammal Science 7: 157-164.

Rose, N., C.J. Deutsch, and B.J. Le Boeuf. 1991. Sexual behavior of male northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris). Estimates from mass loss. Canadian Journal of Zoology 68: 2580-2593.

1990

Deutsch, C. J., M. P. Haley, and B. J. Le Boeuf. 1990. Reproductive effort of male northern elephant seals: Estimates from mass loss. Canadian Journal of Zoology 68: 2580-2593.

Weigle, B.L., and K.D. Haddad. 1990. Applications of the Florida Department of Natural Resources' Marine Resources Geographic Information System to manatee biology and management. Pages 23-27 in J.E. Reynolds, III, and K.D. Haddad, editors. Report of the Workshop on Geographic Information Systems as an Aid to Managing Habitat for West Indian Manatees in Florida and Georgia. Florida Marine Research Publications 49:1-57.

Prior to July 1, 2004, the Fish and Wildlife Research Institute was known as the Florida Marine Research Institute. The institute name has not been changed in historical articles and articles that directly reference work done by the Florida Marine Research Institute.



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Fines for damaging seagrasses take into account their economic and environmental importance and the costs of assessing and repairing damage.

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