This article is a list of facts about snook.
- There are five different species of snook that inhabit Florida
waters: common snook, small-scale fat snook, large-scale fat snook,
swordspine snook, and tarpon snook.
- The most abundant of the five species, the common snook, was
once designated as a species of special concern in Florida. Among
other causes, good management and conservation measures have led to
removal of this designation. The common snook will be the
focus for the rest of this list.
- Snook are also known as robalo, linesiders, and sergeant fish.
In the past they were known as "soapfish" when some sections of the
"soapy" tasting skin were left on the fillets due to poor cleaning
- Snook can tolerate a wide range of salinity and may be found in
fresh water. However, they are extremely sensitive to temperature
and a strong, fast moving cold front through an area containing
snook may claim many lives due to the rapid drop in water
- Long term tagging research has been carried out over the past
several years and has proven to be a valuable tool in helping to
understand the life history of snook.
- Snook are protandric hermaphrodites and change sex from male to
female. The actual cause of the change is not known, but current
research may provide an answer.
- Snook are known as "ambush feeders" meaning that they'll
surprise attack their prey as it swims or moves into range. This
occurs especially at the mouths of inlets where currents play a
role while the snook waits in hiding behind bridge pilings, rocks,
or other submerged structures.
- Besides preying on small fish, snook also feed on shrimp,
crabs, and mollusks.
- Snook are very popular with recreational anglers due to their
strong fighting spirit and mild, delicate flavor.
STATE RECORDS FOR COMMON SNOOK
44 lb, 3 oz, Ft. Myers:
Robert De Cosmo, 4/25/1984
Fly Fishing Tackle
30 lb, 4 oz, Chokoloskee:
Rex Garrett, 4/23/1993
- snook permit required when saltwater license is required
- illegal to buy or sell snook
For saltwater fishing regulations, please visit the Florida
Administrative Code (FAC) Web site, Chapter 68-FISH AND WILDLIFE
CONSERVATION COMMISSION located at: https://www.flrules.org/gateway/ChapterHome.asp?Chapter=68B-21
Each year in Florida, snook are carefully managed because of the
high fishing pressure they receive from recreational anglers. For
an inside look at the numbers, practices, and other interesting
information have a look at Ronald G. Taylor's Management of Common
Snook in Florida and Catch and Release Fishing, articles, as well
as Robert G. Muller and Michael D. Murphy's most current assessment
of the snook population, located on this Web site.
For some great tips on snook fishing, have a look at Taylor's Sketch of the
Common Snook in Florida located on this Web site.