Sphyrna mokarran

Hammerhead Shark
Photo Credit: (c) Doug Perrine
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Sphyrna mokarran


A common tropical and subtropical shark that inhabits the open ocean and the shallow coastal waters of both the Gulf and Atlantic coasts of Florida. Favors continental and insular coral reefs but is often associated with inlets and the mouths of bays. Nomadic and migratory, with some Florida populations moving north along the Atlantic coast in summer.

Feeds on a stingrays, grouper, sea catfish, a variety of bony fishes, sharks, crabs, and squid.

Gives birth to live young. Litters contain 13-40 pups. Size at birth about 2 feet. Utilizes shallow bays and coastal waters as nursery areas.

Maximum size about 18 feet. Matures at approximately 7-8 feet and is a long-lived shark (20+ years).

Human factors
Taken in the commercial longline fishery mainly for their high quality fins. Considered to be dangerous, ranking seventh in unprovoked attacks on humans (often confused with more abundant Scalloped Hammerhead shark).

FWC Facts:
The world's whooping crane population has gradually increased from a low of 22 birds in 1941 to 503 birds in 2009.

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