Fish and Wildlife Research Institute

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Amphibians and Reptiles

Florida is home to 142 native reptile and amphibian species. Read the Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Florida to learn about their distribution and to see pictures of each species. Information on recent and past research efforts is provided below.



Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Florida

The Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Florida provides geographic information, distribution maps, taxonomic information and pictures for 142 native and 56 nonnative species of amphibians and reptiles known to occur in Florida.

Area Surveys for Amphibians and Reptiles

Read publications about surveys for reptiles and amphibians on specific properties in Florida and publications about how to conduct surveys.

Nonnative Species

There are 56 nonnative species of reptiles and amphibians known to occur in Florida. Learn more about these species and how they affect Florida’s native wildlife.

Harvest of Amphibians and Reptiles

Learn about the harvest of amphibians and reptiles in Florida for the pet trade, food and skins.

Alligator Snapping Turtle

The alligator snapping turtle (Macrochelys temminckii) is the largest freshwater turtle species in North America. In Florida, it can be found from the Suwannee River drainage westward through the Panhandle. Learn about efforts to understand and conserve this animal.

Barbour’s Map Turtle

Barbour’s map turtle (Gratemys barbouri) is a large freshwater turtle found in northwest Florida’s Apalachicola, Chipola, Choctawhatchee and Ocklockonee rivers. Read publications on past research and find links to more online resources about this species.

Diamondback Terrapins

Florida has five subspecies of the diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin), three of which occur only in Florida. The diamondback terrapin is a coastal turtle species found statewide in coastal marshes, tidal creeks, mangroves and other brackish and estuarine habitats. Learn about recent research and find publications on past studies of this species.

Flatwoods Salamanders

The reticulated flatwoods salamander (Ambystoma bishopi) occurs in the Florida Panhandle from the Apalachicola River westward. The frosted flatwoods salamander (Ambystoma cingulatum) occurs in the Panhandle eastward of the Apalachicola River and in the northern counties of the peninsula. Find information on frosted and reticulated flatwoods salamanders in Florida.

Florida Frog Photos

View photos of Florida frogs and toads in the Flickr set.

Gopher Tortoise

The gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) is a long-lived, terrestrial turtle found in upland habitats throughout Florida. This keystone species digs burrows that are used by more than 360 other animals. Read about gopher tortoise research conducted by our staff.
Image by Cliff Leonard

Indigo Snake

The eastern indigo snake (Drymarchon couperi) is a federally threatened species that was once found throughout Florida. Find information on the current and historical distribution of the indigo snake, read publications from past studies and find links to other online resources about this species.

Pine Barrens Treefrog

The Pine Barrens treefrog (Hyla andersonii) is a stout, green treefrog found in Santa Rosa, Okaloosa, Walton and Holmes counties. Read about the ongoing population assessment of Pine Barrens treefrogs, browse publications on past research efforts and find links to more information about this species.

Striped Newt

The striped newt (Notophthalmus perstriatus) is a salamander found only in southern Georgia and northern Florida. Find information on the recent statewide striped newt survey, publications on past research efforts and links to more online resources about this species.

Winter-Breeding Amphibian Surveys

Learn about efforts to determine population trends, current occurrence and possible reasons for population declines in five winter-breeding amphibian species.


FWC Facts:
In one spawning season a female tarpon may produce from 4.5 million to more than 20 million eggs.

Learn More at AskFWC