Conservation Status of Southeastern American Kestrels

Declines in nesting and foraging habitat in Florida have had negative impacts on the Southeastern American Kestrel.

The Southeastern American Kestrel is listed as threatened in Florida due to an overall decline in nesting and foraging habitat, specifically the removal of isolated trees from agricultural fields, residential development, conversion of open pinelands to agriculture, and the modification of pine forest understory vegetation resulting from fire suppression. Understory is the structure of the vegetation underneath the forest canopy. Although long-term population trends are unclear, an overall decline of 82 percent over the past 70 years has been estimated. Conservation and proper management of open pineland habitat, specifically sandhills, as well as open fields with scattered trees clearly would benefit this species. Controlled burning should be used to maintain a grassy, open understory and dead tree snags should be preserved to provide nesting sites. Nest boxes also can be installed in areas where natural cavities are sparse.

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