Dry Prairie

"Dry prairie" does not describe a permanent condition: portions of "dry prairies" may be wet following heavy rains. Typically they are grassy meadows with a few scattered saw palmetto, wiregrass, and an occasional stunted slash pine.




Freshwater Marsh and Wet Prairies


Marshes are treeless areas that retain water throughout most of the year. Characteristic plants are sawgrass, pickerel weed, fire flag, maidencane, buttonbush, smartweed, and spike rush. Wet prairies are seasonally flooded transitional areas between freshwater marshes and pine flatwoods and are dominated by slough grass, broomsedge, and beak rush.



Pine Flatwoods

Open stands of south Florida slash pine with an understory of saw palmetto, wiregrass, broomsedge, staggerbush, dwarf wax myrtle, gallberry, slough grass, Florida beggar weed, partridge pea, milk pea, queen's delight, and runner oak. Of the three flatwoods types found in Florida, slash pine flatwoods have the highest species diversity. Like other flatwoods, they depend on fire to reduce competition from hardwoods as well as to maintain species diversity.

FWC Facts:
Breeding season for Florida black bears is summer, with the peak occurring from about mid-June through July.

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