Your Bear Management Unit (BMU) – The North BMU


The North Bear Management Unit includes Baker, Columbia, Duval, Hamilton, Nassau, Suwannee, and Union counties and contains the Osceola subpopulation, named after the Osceola National Forest.  Bears in the Osceola subpopulation are part of a larger subpopulation that includes bears in the Okefenokee Swamp National Wildlife Refuge in Georgia. The plan’s objectives Adobe PDF for the North BMU are to maintain or increase the current bear subpopulation with the necessary habitat to support them, maintain forested connections with the Central BMU, and to reduce human-bear conflicts and habitat fragmentation. In 2002, the FWC estimated 200 to 313 bears lived in Osceola subpopulation. In 2014, the FWC will begin the multi-year process of updating subpopulation estimates. More details can be found in the bear management plan. 

FWC will host the North BMU public meetings (6:30 - 8:00 P.M.) in September and October 2014 as follows:

  • Maccleny - September 30th - Baker County IFAS Extension Office, 1025 W. Maccleny Ave.
  • Lake City - October 1st - Columbia County School Board Auditorium, 372 W. Duval St.

If you are unable to attend a meeting but still would like to join a Bear Stakeholder Group, please contact staff at

Vehicle strikes account for the majority of bear deaths in Florida statewide.  The number of bears killed by vehicles, or euthanized due to vehicle injuries, documented each year in the North BMU can be seen below.

North Roadkill

Each year, FWC receives thousands of calls statewide from the public about bears.  The following chart shows the number of bear-related reports FWC received from the North BMU.

North Bear Calls

The following pie charts represent the reasons people call FWC about bears in the North BMU. The charts are in four year increments to show how the reasons have changed over time.

North 10-13

North 06-09

North 02-05

North 98-01

North 98-13

We look forward to working with you to conserve and manage Florida’s black bears.

FWC Facts:
Gulf sturgeon can grow to a maximum length of about 8 feet and weigh approximately 150-220 pounds.

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