Your Bear Management Unit (BMU) – The North BMU

North BMU Bear Range Map - Brown=Abundant; Beige=Common; Tan=Occasional; Eggshell= Rare


The North Bear Management Unit includes Baker, Columbia, Duval, Hamilton, Nassau, Suwannee, and Union counties and contains the Osceola subpopulation, named after the Osceola National Forest.  Bears in the Osceola subpopulation are part of a larger subpopulation that includes bears in the Okefenokee Swamp National Wildlife Refuge in Georgia. The plan’s objectives Adobe PDF for the North BMU are to maintain or increase the current bear subpopulation with the necessary habitat to support them, maintain forested connections with the Central BMU, and to reduce human-bear conflicts and habitat fragmentation. In 2002, the FWC estimated 200 to 313 bears lived in Osceola subpopulation. In 2014, the FWC estimates there to be an average of 493 bears in the North BMU. 

In September and October 2014, FWC held two public meetings in the North BMU in the cities of Macclenny and Lake City. At the meetings, participants were asked to share their experiences with bears and bear management in the North BMU. Participants were also asked if they would like to work with the FWC on a Bear Stakeholder Group (BSG). BSGs are comprised of local businesses, waste service providers, law enforcement, FWC staff, residents, and government officials from cities, counties, and the state. In late 2014, the North BSG began holding meetings to discuss local bear related issues and work collaboratively towards solutions. These meetings will continue into the future being held several times a year.

If you were unable to attend a meeting but still would like to join a Bear Stakeholder Group, please contact staff at


Vehicle strikes account for the majority of bear deaths in Florida statewide.  The number of bears killed by vehicles, or euthanized due to vehicle injuries, documented each year in the North BMU can be seen below.

North BMU Bear Roadkill Bar Graph - See Caption Below

Caption: This bar graph shows the number of bears killed by vehicle strikes in the North BMU from 2000 to 2016, totaling 68 bears.

2010 = 9 bears

2011 = 7 bears

2012 = 9 bears

2013 = 10 bears

2014 = 11 bears

2015 = 12 bears

2016 = 10 bears



Each year, FWC receives thousands of calls statewide from the public about bears.  The following chart shows the number of bear-related reports FWC received from the North BMU.

North BMU Bear Related Calls Bar Graph - See Caption Below

Caption: This bar graph shows the number of North BMU bear related calls received by FWC from the public from 2010 to 2016, totaling 310 calls.
2010 = 32 calls
2011 = 40 calls
2012 = 44 calls
2013 = 55 calls
2014 = 59 calls
2015 = 37 calls

2016 = 43 calls



The following pie chart represents the reasons people call FWC about bears in the North BMU. 

North BMU Reasons for Bear Related Calls Pie Chart - See Caption Below 

Caption: This pie chart shows the reason for North BMU bear related calls received by FWC from the public from 2010 to 2016, totaling 310 calls. Sick/Dead Bear (dark green slice) = 44%; General Interaction (light blue slice) = 31%; Property Damage (orange slice) = 11%; In Garbage (brown slice) = 8%; Bear-Animal Encounter (yellow slice) = 4%; Miscellaneous (light grey slice) = 1%; Illegal Activity (dark blue slice) = <1%; In Structure (dark grey slice) = <1%; Public Safety Incident (light green slice) = 0%  


We look forward to working with you to conserve and manage Florida’s black bears.

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