Nonnatives - American Magpie

American Magpie - Pica hudsonia


Florida's Nonnative Wildlife. Species detail.

First year: 1934

Extirpated year:

Established status: Species have populations whose status is unknown.

Estimated Florida range: 1 county  Less than 10 years, 2 counties  Not reported breeding

Statewide trend: Unknown status

Threats to natives: In their native range, groups of magpies will mob and steal prey from predators such as raptors and coyotes.

Species Account: Native to the northern United States and Canada, where it inhabits the cold shrub-steppe environment. Its range is limited by higher temperatures and humidity (Frost 1999). Formerly grouped with the European population known as the Black-billed Magpie (P. pica).

Habitats: Central or core urban area, Low density suburban development, areas peripheral to core urban areas, and small towns

County First Year Extirpated Year Breeding status Notes
Collier 1974   Less than 10 years A pair was released and bred in the wild (Stevenson and Anderson 1994).
Martin 1947   Not reported breeding  
Palm Beach 1934   Not reported breeding  


Pranty, B. 1996b. A birder's guide to Florida. American Birding Association, Inc., Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA.

Stevenson, H. M., and B. H. Anderson. 1994. The birdlife of Florida. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Trost, C. H. 1999. Black-billed magpie (Pica pica). In A. Poole and F. Gill, editors. The birds of North America, No. 389. The Birds of North America Inc., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Links to more information

USGS species account

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