Nonnatives - Monk Parakeet

Black-hooded Parakeet - Nandayus nenday


Florida's Nonnative Wildlife. Species detail.

First year: 1969

Extirpated year:

Established status: Species are present but not confirmed to be breeding. Population persists only with repeated introductions and/or escapes of individuals.

Estimated Florida range: 8 counties  At least 10 years, 1 county  Less than 10 years, 10 counties  Not reported breeding

Statewide trend: Unknown status

Threats to natives:  Members of the parrot family carry Newcastle disease, identified in 1971, which can infect native songbirds, game birds, domestic chickens and turkeys, and other exotic bird species. The native bird species can be infected by smuggled exotic birds and birds not properly quarantined that are released into the wild.

Species Account: This parakeet is native to Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina. It now occurs in or has occurred in at least 14 Florida counties (Loftin et al. 1991, BBA data), where it is found in both developed areas and native pinelands (M. Wheeler and B. Pranty, personal communications). In Florida, they have been observed feeding on palm fruits and pine seeds, and they nest in tree cavities. This is probably the next exotic bird species that will become widely established in Florida (B. Pranty, personal communication).

Habitats: Central or core urban area, Flatwoods.

County First Year Extirpated Year Breeding status Notes
Bay 1991   At least 10 years (Florida BBA 1986-91)
Bradford 2003 Not reported breeding Unconfirmed ID from dead bird reporting
Brevard 1973   Not reported breeding (Cruickshank 1980) No birds seen since 1977.
Broward 1969   At least 10 years (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Collier 1986?   Not reported breeding Reported as possible breeding (Florida BBA 1986-91)
Dade 1986   At least 10 years (Florida BBA 1986-91)
Duval 1969   At least 10 years (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Hillsborough 1969   At least 10 years (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Lee 1990's   Not reported breeding  
Levy 1991   Not reported breeding  
Manatee 1986   Not reported breeding  
Monroe 1969   At least 10 years (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Nassau 1991   Not reported breeding  
Palm Beach 2000   Not reported breeding 5 at Palm Beach International Airport (Pranty 2001)
Pasco 1990   Not reported breeding  
Pinellas 1969   At least 10 years Increasing, with over 100 birds seen during Christmas Bird Counts in St. Petersburg in 1992, 1994, and 1996.
Polk 1982   Less than 10 years (Atherton and Atherton 1983)
Saint Johns 1986?   At least 10 years (Florida BBA 1986-91)
Sarasota     Not reported breeding 50 reported in 2000 (Pranty 2000a)


Atherton, L. S., and B. H. Atherton. 1983. The autumn migration: Florida region. American Birds 37:170-173.

Cruickshank, A. D. 1980. The birds of Brevard County, Florida. University of Central Florida Press, Orlando, Florida.

Forshaw, J. M. 1989. Parrots of the world. Third edition. Landsdowne Editions, Melbourne, Australia.

Loftin, R. W., G. E. Woolfenden, and J. A. Woolfenden. 1991. Florida bird records in American Birds and Audubon Field Notes (1947-1989): species index and county gazeteer. Florida Ornithological Society Special Publication 4.

Pranty, B. 1995c. Field observations [winter report: December 1994-February 1995]. Florida Field Naturalist 23:77-86.

Pranty, B. 2000a. Field observations [winter report: December 1999 to February 2000]. Florida Field Naturalist 28:127-137.

Pranty, B. 2001a. Field observations [summer report: June-July 2000]. Florida Field Naturalist 29:33-40.

Robertson, W. B., and G. E. Woolfenden. 1992. Florida bird species: an annotated list. Florida Ornithological Society, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Stevenson, H. M., and B. H. Anderson. 1994. The birdlife of Florida. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

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