Nonnatives - Greater Flamingo

Greater Flamingo - Phoenicopterus ruber

Florida's Nonnative Wildlife. Species detail.

First year: 1930's

Extirpated year:

Established status: Species have populations whose status is unknown.

Estimated Florida range: 8 counties  Not reported breeding

Statewide trend: Unknown status

Threats to natives:  Unknown

Species Account: This species occurs naturally in Florida as a vagrant from the West Indies, Cuba, and the Bahamas. It was formerly abundant in extreme South Florida. However, captive flocks were established in South Florida in the 1930s, and these feral, semi-domestic birds are confused with birds arriving into Florida naturally.

Habitats: Estuarine community

County First Year Extirpated Year Breeding status Notes
Brevard 1992   Not reported breeding Merritt Island NWR
Dade 1950s   Not reported breeding  
Franklin 1995   Not reported breeding probably West Indian birds displaced by Hurricane Allison (Pranty 1996e)
Hillsborough 2000   Not reported breeding 1 unbanded escapee near Alafia Bank. Pranty 2000b
Manatee 1999   Not reported breeding probably was the bird that escaped from a Sarasota exhibit Pranty 1999b
Monroe 1994   Not reported breeding Everglades National Park e.g. Pranty 1994a
Saint Lucie 1999   Not reported breeding Hutchinson Island, Fort Pierce (St. Lucie) 28 Sep was thought to be a Georges-driven bird Pranty 1999c
Wakulla 1995   Not reported breeding probably West Indian birds displaced by Hurricane Allison (Pranty 1996e)


Pranty, B. 1993d. Field Observations [FALL REPORT: AUGUST-NOVEMBER 1992] Florida Field Naturalist 21(2):42-51, 1993

Pranty, B. 1996e. Field observations [summer report: June-July1995]. Florida Field Naturalist 24:18-24.

Pranty, B. 1999c. Field observations [FALL REPORT: AUGUST-NOVEMBER 1998] Florida Field Naturalist 27(2):62-75, 1999.

Pranty, B. 2000b. Field observations [spring report: March to May 2000]. Florida Field Naturalist 28:204-215.

Robertson, W. B., and G. E. Woolfenden. 1992. Florida bird species: an annotated list. Florida Ornithological Society, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Stevenson, H. M., and B. H. Anderson. 1994. The birdlife of Florida. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

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