Nonnatives - Mandarin Duck

Mandarin Duck - Aix galericulata

First year: 1960's

Extirpated year:

Established status: Species are present but not confirmed to be breeding. Population persists only with repeated introductions and/or escapes of individuals.

Estimated Florida range: 1 county  At least 10 years, 2 counties  Not reported breeding

Statewide trend: Unknown status

Threats to natives:  Will breed with Wood ducks but cannot hybridize (Stevenson and Anderson 1994).

Species Account: Native to China and Japan and feral in Great Britain and northern Europe. Most tourist attractions in Florida have this species, and it is sold commercially in the waterfowl pet trade, but there is apparently no feral population (Florida BBA).

Habitats: Lakes

County First Year Extirpated Year Breeding status Notes
Hillsborough 1989   At least 10 years Reported confirmed breeding (Florida BBA 1986-91).
Seminole 1989   Not reported breeding probably was the bird that escaped from a Sarasota exhibit Pranty 1999b
Wakulla 1960's    Not reported breeding Failed introduction at Wakulla Springs.


Robertson, W. B., and G. E. Woolfenden. 1992. Florida bird species: an annotated list. Florida Ornithological Society, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Stevenson, H. M., and B. H. Anderson. 1994. The birdlife of Florida. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. 

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