Mandarin Duck - Aix galericulata
First year: 1960's
Established status: Species are
present but not confirmed to be breeding. Population persists only
with repeated introductions and/or escapes of individuals.
Estimated Florida range: 1 county
At least 10 years, 2 counties Not reported
Statewide trend: Unknown
Threats to natives: Will
breed with Wood ducks but cannot hybridize (Stevenson and Anderson
Species Account: Native to
China and Japan and feral in Great Britain and northern Europe.
Most tourist attractions in Florida have this species, and it is
sold commercially in the waterfowl pet trade, but there is
apparently no feral population (Florida BBA).
||At least 10 years
||Reported confirmed breeding (Florida BBA 1986-91).
||Not reported breeding
||probably was the bird that escaped from a Sarasota exhibit
|| Not reported breeding
||Failed introduction at Wakulla Springs.
Robertson, W. B., and G. E. Woolfenden. 1992.
Florida bird species: an annotated list. Florida Ornithological
Society, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
Stevenson, H. M., and B. H. Anderson. 1994. The
birdlife of Florida. University Press of Florida, Gainesville,
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