Nonnatives - Orange-winged Parrot

Orange-winged Parrot - Amazona amazonica

Florida's Nonnative Wildlife. Species detail.

First year: 1970's

Extirpated year:

Established status: Species are present but not confirmed to be breeding. Population persists only with repeated introductions and/or escapes of individuals.

Estimated Florida range: 1 county  At least 10 years, 2 counties  Not reported breeding

Statewide trend: Unknown status

Threats to natives:  Members of the parrot family carry Newcastle disease, identified in 1971, which can infect native songbirds, game birds, domestic chickens and turkeys, and other exotic bird species. The native bird species can be infected by smuggled exotic birds and birds not properly quarantined that are released into the wild. This species also breeds in cavities which might limit the number available to native cavity nesters.

Species Account: Native to South America east of the Andes Mountains. This is the most common Amazona parrot in South Florida and may be the next parrot species to become established in Dade County (Florida BBA).

Habitats: Central or core urban area.

County First Year Extirpated Year Breeding status Notes
Broward 1970's   Not reported breeding (Owre 1973; B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Dade 1980's   At least 10 years Large numbers appeared in the early 1980s, and breeding confirmed by the Florida BBA (1986-91).
Indian River 1991   Not reported breeding Probable breeding reported (Florida BBA 1986-91).


Owre, O. T. 1973. A consideration of the exotic avifauna of southeastern Florida. Wilson Bulletin 85:495.

Pranty, B., and S. Epps. In preparation. The exotic parrot fauna of Broward County.

Robertson, W. B., and G. E. Woolfenden. 1992. Florida bird species: an annotated list. Florida Ornithological Society, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Stevenson, H. M., and B. H. Anderson. 1994. The birdlife of Florida. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

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