Nonnatives - Turquoise-fronted Parrot

Turquoise-fronted Parrot - Amazona aestiva


Florida's Exotic Wildlife. Species detail.

First year: 1979

Extirpated year:

Established status: Species are present but not confirmed to be breeding. Population persists only with repeated introductions and/or escapes of individuals.

Estimated Florida range: 4 counties  At least 10 years

Statewide trend: Unknown status

Threats to natives:  Members of the parrot family carry Newcastle disease, identified in 1971, which can infect native songbirds, game birds, domestic chickens and turkeys, and other exotic bird species. The native bird species can be infected by smuggled exotic birds and birds not properly quarantined that are released into the wild. This species also breeds in cavities which might limit the number available to native cavity nesters.

Species Account: Native to Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay, and Bolivia.

Habitats: Central or core urban area, Low density suburban development, areas peripheral to core urban areas, and small towns.

County First Year Extirpated Year Breeding status Notes
Broward 1970's   At least 10 years  (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Dade 1979   At least 10 years Formerly uncommon, but large numbers of immature birds have been seen in communal roosts since the late 1980s (Florida BBA 1986-91).
Hillsborough 1970's   At least 10 years (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Palm Beach 1979   At least 10 years  


Pranty, B., and S. Epps. In preparation. The exotic parrot fauna of Broward County.

Robertson, W. B., and G. E. Woolfenden. 1992. Florida bird species: an annotated list. Florida Ornithological Society, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Stevenson, H. M., and B. H. Anderson. 1994. The birdlife of Florida. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

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