Nonnatives - White-winged Dove

White-winged Dove - Zenaida asiatica

Florida's Exotic Wildlife. Species detail.

Species Account: 

First year: 1959

Extirpated year:

Established status: Populations are confirmed breeding and apparently self-sustaining for 10 or more consecutive years.

Estimated Florida range: 67 counties  At least 10 years

Statewide trend: Unknown status

Threats to natives:  Unknown.

Species Account: The White-winged Dove is native to the West Indies, Mexico, Central America, and the southwestern United States. This species naturally occurs in central and southern parts of Florida, where some individuals migrate from the West in October and November (Stevenson and Anderson 1994). Introductions of Mexican birds started in Florida in 1959 in Homestead, Dade County (Saunders 1980), and the FWC subsequently captured their offspring and released them as far north as Lake County (Williams 1978). Since then, there are occurrences of year-round birds, and breeding now occurs in the state. Night roosts of >1,000 doves have been reported in Polk County; flocks fly out to surrounding fields each morning to feed on wild seeds and fruits (Florida BBA 1986-91). These nonmigratory breeding birds are all derived from introductions.

Habitats: Central or core urban area, Low density suburban development, areas peripheral to core urban areas, and small towns

County First Year Extirpated Year Breeding status Notes
Southwest     At least 10 years  
South     At least 10 years  
Broward 1986?   At least 10 years Reported confirmed breeding (Florida BBA 1986-91)
Collier 1977   At least 10 years  
Dade 1959   At least 10 years 10 pairs from Mexico released.
DeSoto 1986?   Not reported breeding Reported as possible breeding (Florida BBA 1986-1991)
Highlands 1976   At least 10 years 160 birds released by the FWC into citrus groves.
Marion 1976   Not reported breeding FWC released birds to establish them in citrus groves (Anonymous 1978).
Martin 1986?   At least 10 years Reported confirmed breeding (Florida BBA 1986-91)
Monroe 1993   Not reported breeding (Pranty 1994a)
Palm Beach 1986?   At least 10 years Reported confirmed breeding (Florida BBA 1986-91)
Polk 1977   At least 10 years  
Saint Lucie 1977   At least 10 years  


Anonymous. 1978. Resident White-winged Doves in Florida. Florida Field Naturalist 6(2): 56.

Saunders, G. B. 1980. The origin of White-winged Dove breeding in South Florida. Florida Field Naturalist 8:50-51.

Stevenson, H. M., and B. H. Anderson. 1994. The birdlife of Florida. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Williams, L. E., Jr. 1978. Distribution of the Turkey in Florida (1973-1977). Florida Field Naturalist 6:33-35.

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