Nonnative Freshwater Fish Publications

Ogilvie, V.E. 1966. The Peacock Bass project including Venezuelan trip report and a description of five Cichla species. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 42 pp. Contents: Early history related to Peacock Bass studies in Florida.

Ogilvie, V.E. 1966. Preliminary report Peacock Bass. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.  17 pp. Contents: First stocking in Florida; spawning and early life history; low lethal temperatures; culture.

Ogilvie, V.E. 1966. Memorandum-Progress report on the Peacock Bass project. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.  2 pp. Contents: Some early history related to Peacock Bass studies in Florida.

Ogilvie, V.E. 1969. Illustrated checklist of fishes collected from the L-15 Canal (Lake Worth Drainage District) in Palm Beach County, Florida. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 11 pp.

Ogilvie, V.E. 1970. Check list of fishes from the South Florida Region. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 13 pp.

Ogilvie, V.E. 1971. Checklist of fishes from the Everglades Region of Florida. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 16 pp.

Ogilvie, V. E. 1972. Illustrated list of fishes which require a special permit to import or possess in the state of Florida. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 15 pp.

Ogilvie, V.E. 1973. Annual report for Non-Native Fish Research-1973. Florida Game and Freshwater Fish Commission, Tallahassee.  20 pp. Contents: South and Central American trips to study Peacock Bass; Walking Catfish, Pike Killifish, and Black Acara.

Ogilvie, V.E. 1974. Artificial spawning of Snook, Centropomus undecimalis. Annual report for Non-Native Fish Investigations, Job 4. Preliminary studies of established and potential introduction of non-native fishes. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 19 pp.

Ogilvie, V.E., J.W. Davis, R. Seaton, and C. Gibson. 1974. Annual report for Non-Native Fish Research Project-1973-1974. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.  111 pp. Contents: Bait Minnow Studies; Peacock Bass, Grass Carp, and Snook investigations; established exotics (Blue Tilapia, Black Acara, and Walking Catfish).

Ogilvie, V.E. 1975. Cichlasoma trimaculatum field report. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 2 pp.

Ogilvie, V., and P. Shafland. 1975. Preliminary report on field investigation of an infestation of South American Tigerfish, Hoplias malabaricus, from the Little Manatee River drainage in southwest Hillsborough County, Florida. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 5 pp.

Ogilvie, V.E. 1976. Artificial spawning of Snook, Centropomus undecimalis. Annual report for Non-Native Fish Investigations, Job 4. Preliminary studies of established and potential introduction of non-native fishes. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 13 pp.

Shafland, P.L., and R.W. Seaton. 1976. Initial investigations on rearing the Common Snook, Centropomus undecimalis, from artificially fertilized eggs (Study II). Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.  57 pp. Contents: Larval development; rotifer culture, and proposed changes.

Shafland, P.L. 1976. Non-Native Fish Research Laboratory-Handout. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 4 pp. Contents: Objectives; physical plant description; on-going research.

Shafland, P.L. 1976. Non-Native Fish Research Laboratory-Status report. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 4 pp. Contents: Laboratory objectives, physical plant description, personnel, and research plans.

Foote, K.J. 1977. Blue Tilapia investigations. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.  67 pp. Contents: Blue Tilapia identification, distribution, growth, food habits, parasites/diseases, ecology, and literature review.

Koehl, D.H. 1977. Homestead fisheries inspection report. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.  7 pp.

Shafland, P.L. 1977. Annual report for the Non-Native Fish Research Laboratory-1976. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.  90 pp. Contents: Exotic/native fish associations, lower lethal temperatures, Snook culture, et al.

Shafland, P.L. 1977. Investigations into the laboratory rearing of the Common Snook, Centropomus undecimalis. Pages 30-80 in 1976 Annual Report for the Non-Native Fish Research Laboratory. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L. 1977. A brief survey with recommendations regarding the commercial production of two species of Louisiana crayfish (Genus Procambarus, Family Cambaridae). Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 9 pp.

Shafland, P.L. 1977. Purposes, goals and coordination activities of the Non-Native Fish Coordination Committee. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 11 pp.

Lau, S.R., and P.L. Shafland. 1978. Larval development of snook, Centropomus undecimalis (Pisces: Centropomidae) reared in the laboratory. Pages 64-95 in Annual report for Non-Native Fish Research Laboratory, January 1977 through June 1978. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Morello, F. 1978. A procedural guideline for renovating non-native fish populations. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 3 pp.

Moxley, D. J. 1978. A procedural guideline for regional monitoring of non-native fish populations. Page VII(1):39 in Annual report for Non-Native Fish Research, July 1978 through December 1979. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Pestrak, J.M. 1978. A preliminary report on the culture of hybrid Tilapia hornorum X T. mossambica. Pages 308-313 in Annual report for Non-Native Fish Research Laboratory, January 1977 through June 1978. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Pestrak, J.M., and P.L. Shafland. 1978. Evaluation of short-term inter-specific interactions between native centrarchids and non-native fishes in 0.1 hectare hatchery ponds. Pages 1-15 in Annual report for Non-Native Fish Research Laboratory, January 1977 through June 1978. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L. 1978. A status report on Tilapia in Florida. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 5 pp.

Shafland, P.L. 1978. A proposal for a comprehensive non-native fisheries program in Florida. Florida Game and Freshwater Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 5pp.

Shafland, P.L., and D.H. Koehl. 1978. The intensive culture of Snook, Centropomus undecimalis, in closed recirculating systems- 1975-1978 Completion Report. Pages 17-47 in the 1978 Annual Report for the Non-Native Fish Research Laboratory. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Levine D.S., and P.L. Shafland. 1978. An evaluation of inter-specific interactions between Blue Tilapia and certain native fishes in Florida. Pages 132-203 in Annual report for the Non-Native Fish Research Laboratory, January 1977 through June 1978. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., D.S. Levine, and J.M. Pestrak. 1978. Annual report for the Non-Native Fish Research Laboratory, January 1977 through June 1978. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 326 pp. Contents: Short-term pond studies; Lake Lena Blue Tilapia studies; Snook culture; lower lethal temperature studies; 1974-78 monthly air-water temperature records; coordination and extension; et al.

Shafland, P.L., D.S. Levine, and J.M. Pestrak. 1978. Florida's non-native fish research program. Pages vii-xiv in Annual Report for the Non-Native Fish Research Laboratory, January 1977 through June 1978. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., D. Levine, and J. Pestrak.  1979. Lab at Boca Raton. Florida Wildlife Magazine 33(4):17-19 (Nov-Dec 1979 Issue).

Levine, D.S., J.T. Krummrich, and P.L. Shafland. 1980. Renovation of a borrow pit in Levy County, Florida containing Jack Dempseys (Cichlasoma octofasciatum). Pages VII(1):11-16 in the 1978-79 Annual Report for Non-Native Fish Research. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., D.S. Levine, and R.J. Wattendorf. 1980. Annual report for Non-Native Fish Research, July 1978 through December 1979. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 149 pp. Contents: Lake Lena Blue Tilapia studies; coordination and extension activities; et al.

Anderson, R.S. 1981. Food habits of selected non-native fishes. Pages XI(2):1-16 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L. 1981. A small pond renovation involving Walking Catfish. Pages VII(1):37-42 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., W.R. Courtenay, Jr., and J.A. McCann. 1981. Number and status of non-native fishes. Pages VII(1):2-6 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., R.J. Wattendorf, R.S. Anderson, and R.J. Metzger. 1981. Dissolved and atmospheric oxygen utilization by Walking Catfish. Pages VII(1):6-8 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., R.J. Wattendorf, R.S. Anderson, and R.J. Metzger. 1981. Annual report for Non-Native fish Research-1980. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee, 108 pp. Contents: Lake Lena Blue Tilapia studies; canal fish populations; food habit studies; coordination and extension.

Wattendorf, R.J. 1981. A note on tolerance of Yellowbelly Cichlids (Cichlasoma salvini) to rotenone. Pages VII(1):19-21 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission. Tallahassee.

Wattendorf, R.J. 1981. Effects of salinity on hybrid carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella X Aristichthys nobilis). Pages VII(1):23-31 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Anderson, R.S. 1982. Food habits of selected non-native fishes. Pages XI(2):1-22 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Metzger, R.J., and P.L. Shafland. 1982. Fish populations of south Florida canals. Pages X(3):1-13 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L. 1982. Recommendation for removing Peacock Bass from Florida's restricted fish list. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 3 pp.

Shafland, P.L. 1982. Florida's non-native fishes and associated FGFC research activities. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 4 pp.

Shafland, P.L., R.J. Wattendorf, R.S. Anderson, and R.J. Metzger. 1982. Annual report for Non-Native Fish Research-1981. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.  136 pp. Contents: Lake Lena Blue Tilapia studies; canal fish populations; food habit studies; Black Creek Canal fish studies; hybrid Grass Carp; Yellowbelly Cichlid; et al.

Shafland, P.L., R.J. Wattendorf, R.S. Anderson, and R.J. Metzger. 1982. Number and status of non-native fishes. Pages VII(1):2-3 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., R.J. Wattendorf, R.S. Anderson, and R.J. Metzger. 1982. Non-native fish size records. Pages VII(1):3-4 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., R.J. Wattendorf, R.S. Anderson, and R.J. Metzger. 1982. Lower lethal temperature for Midas Cichlids. Pages VII(1):3-5 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., R.J. Wattendorf, R.S. Anderson, and R.J. Metzger. 1982. Winterkill observations. Pages VII(1):5-8 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., R.J. Wattendorf, R.S. Anderson, and R.J. Metzger. 1982. Upper lethal temperature for Sunshine Bass. Page VII(1):9 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., R.J. Wattendorf, R.S. Anderson, and R.J. Metzger. 1982. Observations on Mozambique Tilapia. Pages VII(1):9-11 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., R.J. Wattendorf, R.S. Anderson, and R.J. Metzger. 1982. Observations on Walking Catfish. Pages VII(1):11-12 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., R.J. Wattendorf, R.S. Anderson, and R.J. Metzger. 1982. Observations on Oscars. Page VII(1):13 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., R.J. Wattendorf, R.S. Anderson, and R.J. Metzger. 1982. Night collecting. Page VII(1):13 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., R.J. Wattendorf, R.S. Anderson, and R.J. Metzger. 1982. Hybrid Tilapia (male Tilapia hornorum x female T. mossambica) studies. Pages VII(1):14-15 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., R.J. Wattendorf, R.S. Anderson, and R.J. Metzger. 1982. Mile-marker 12.2 Walking Catfish renovation. Pages VII(1):15-16 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., R.J. Wattendorf, R.S. Anderson, and R.J. Metzger. 1982. Warmwater spring survey. Pages VII(1):16-17 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., R.J. Wattendorf, R.S. Anderson, and R.J. Metzger. 1982. Hybrid carp pond observations. Pages VII(1):17-18 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Wattendorf, R.J. 1982. Hybrid Carp (Aristichthys nobilis x Ctenopharyngodon idella) report. Pages VII(1):23-46 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Wattendorf, R.J. 1982. Lake Lena Blue Tilapia investigations -- fishery analyses. Pages IX(1):1-18 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Wattendorf, R.J. 1982. Lake Lena Blue Tilapia investigations -- water quality. Pages IX(2):1-6 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Wattendorf, R.J., and P.L. Shafland. 1982. Cichlasoma salvini renovation. Pages VII(1):47-51 in annual report for the Florida Fish and Game Commission, Tallahassee.

Anderson, R.S. 1983. Food habits of selected non-native fishes. Pages XI(1):1-25 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 142 pp.

Metzger, R.J., and P.L. Shafland. 1983. Fish Populations of south Florida canals-non-rotenone sampling. Pages X(2):1-4 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Metzger, R.J., and P.L. Shafland. 1983. Fish Populations of south Florida canals-fish population analyses. Pages X(3):1-12 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L. 1983. Number and status of non-native fishes. Pages VII(1):2-3 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L. 1983. Midas Cichlid observations. Pages VII(1):3-4 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L. 1983. Blackchin Tilapia spawning observations. Pages VII(1):4-5 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L. 1983. Re-evaluation of Arawana's (Osteoglossum bicirrhosum) restricted fish status using laboratory identified lower lethal temperatures. Draft report for Florida's Non-Native Fish Advisory Group, Florida Game and Freshwater Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 5 pp.

Shafland, P.L., B.D. Hilton, and R.J. Metzger. 1983. Fisheries of Black Creek-fish population analyses. Pages XII(3):1-18 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., B.D. Hilton, and R.J. Metzger. 1983. Fisheries of Black Creek-informal creel. Pages XII(4):1-4 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., B.D. Hilton, and R.J. Metzger. 1983. Fisheries of Black Creek-Spotted Tilapia, Mozambique Tilapia, and Midas Cichlid life history studies. Pages XII(5):1-28 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., R.J. Wattendorf, R.S. Anderson, and R.J. Metzger. 1983. Annual report for Non-Native Fish Research-1982. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 142 pp. Contents: Lake Lena Blue Tilapia studies, canal fish populations, food habit studies, Black Creek Canal fish studies, et al.

Wattendorf, R.J. 1983. Hybrid Grass Carp research-genetic monitoring. Pages XIII(1):1-17 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Wattendorf, R.J. 1983. Hybrid Grass Carp research-efficacy for weed control. Pages XIII(2):1-11 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Wattendorf, R.J., and P.L. Shafland. 1983. Lake Lena Blue Tilapia Investigations. Pages IX(1):1-15 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Anderson, R.S., and R.J. Wattendorf. 1984. Triploid Grass Carp-hydrilla consumption. Pages XV(2):1-10 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Anderson, R.S., and R.J. Wattendorf. 1984. Triploid Grass Carp-pond evaluations. Pages XV(3):1-4 in annual report for Non-Native Fish Research-1983. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Metzger, R.J., and P.L. Shafland. 1984. Fish populations of south Florida canals. Pages X(3):1-17 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L. 1984. Foreign fish, those pesky escape artists. Pages 358-360 in J. Hayes (editor). Animal Health-Livestock and Pets 1984 Yearbook of Agriculture. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Shafland, P.L. 1984. A proposal for introducing Peacock Bass (Cichla spp.) in southeast Florida canals. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 23 pp.

Shafland, P.L. 1984. Radiated Ptero and other new non-native fish collections. Pages VII:1-4 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L. 1984. Mile-marker 12.2 renovation (Walking Catfish). Page VII:5 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L. 1984. Extension and short-term research--Arawana lower lethal temperature. Page VII:5 in annual report for Non-Native Fish Research--1983. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L. 1984. Variable Platyfish lower lethal temperatures. Page VII:6 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L. 1984. Mozambique Tilapia spawning observations. Pages VII:6-7 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L. 1984. Non-native fish size records. Pages VII:7,10 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., B.D. Hilton, and R.J. Metzger. 1984. Fishes of Black Creek-Fish population analyses. Pages XII(3):1-14 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., B.D. Hilton, and R.J. Metzger. 1984. Fishes of Black Creek-Informal creel. Pages XII(4):1-5 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., B.D. Hilton, and R.J. Metzger. 1984. Fishes of Black Creek-Midas Cichlid, Black Acara, Largemouth Bass life history studies. Pages XII(5):1-23 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., R.J. Wattendorf, R.S. Anderson, and R.J. Metzger. 1984. Annual report for Non-Native Fish Research-1983. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 142 pp. Contents: Lake Lena Blue Tilapia studies; canal fish populations; food habit studies; Black Creek Canal fish studies; hybrid and triploid Grass Carp studies, et al.

Wattendorf, R.J., and R.S. Anderson. 1984. Protein and isozyme analyses of fish-Grass Carp. Pages XIV(1):1-5 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Wattendorf, R.J., and R.S. Anderson. 1984. Protein and isozyme analyses of fish-Striped Bass. Pages XIV(2):1-3 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Wattendorf, R.J., and P.L. Shafland. 1984. Lake Lena Blue Tilapia investigations-Fish population analyses. Pages IX(1):1-18 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Wattendorf, R.J., and P.L. Shafland. 1984. Lake Lena Blue Tilapia investigations-Water quality. Pages IX(2):1-4 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Wattendorf, R.J., and P.L. Shafland. 1984. Hybrid Grass Carp research-Efficacy for weed control. Pages XIII(2):1-3 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Metzger, R.J., and P.L. Shafland. 1985. Fish populations of south Florida canals-Completion report for Study X (1980-1984). Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission. Tallahassee.  92 pp. Contents: Analyzes 57 canal block net samples from Miami-Dade, Broward, Palm Beach, Hillsborough and Collier counties.

Shafland, P.L., B.D. Hilton, and R.J. Metzger. 1985. Fishes of Black Creek Canal-Completion report for Study XII (1981-1985). Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 108 pp. Contents: Fish population and life history analyses (Largemouth Bass, Spotted Tilapia, Mozambique Tilapia, Midas Cichlid, Black Acara); management recommendations, et al.

Shafland, P.L., and B.D. Hilton. 1985. Introduction of Peacock Bass (Cichla spp.) in southeast Florida canals-First annual report for Study XVI (1984-1985). Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 9 pp. Contents: News release and documentation concerning first canal release and spawning of C. ocellaris in Florida, et al.

Williams, V.P., et al. 1985. Lake habitat and fishery resources of Florida.  Pages 43-119 in W. Seaman, Jr (editor) Florida Habitat and Fishery Resources.  American Fisheries Society Florida Chapter, Bethesda, Maryland (ISBN 0-9616676-0-5).

Metzger, R.J., and P.L. Shafland. 1986. Tilapia/native fish associations-First annual report for Study XVII (1985-1986). Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 12 pp. Contents: Lake Lena and canal block net data analyses.

Metzger, R.J., and P.L. Shafland. 1986. Canal Largemouth Bass investigations-First annual report for Study XVIII (1985-1986). Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.  8 pp. Contents: Six canal analyses of Largemouth Bass length-frequency, and population estimate in Hillsboro Canal.

Shafland, P.L., and B.D. Hilton. 1986. Introduction of Peacock Bass (Cichla spp.) in southeast Florida canals-Second annual report for Study XVI (1985-1986). Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 12 pp. Contents: Documents first canal release of C. temensis in Florida; Cichla growth, lower lethal temperatures; Cichla regulations, et al.

Shafland, P.L., and B.D. Hilton. 1987. Introduction and evaluation of Peacock Bass (Cichla spp.) in southeast Florida canals-Third annual report for Study XVI (1986-1987). Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 9 pp. Contents: Documents successful overwintering and spawning for third year; C. ocellaris added to established species list; law enforcement coordination; et al.

Hardman, C., and P.L. Shafland. 1987. Tilapia/native fish associations-Second annual report for Study XVII (1986-1987). Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 8 pp. Contents: Summarizes blocknet data from seven south Florida canals and Lake Lena.

Hardman, C., and P.L. Shafland. 1987. Canal Largemouth Bass Investigations-Second annual report for Study XVIII (1986-1987). Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 10 pp. Contents: Length-frequency from seven canals and population estimate from the L-33 Canal.

Shafland, P.L. 1988. Introduction and evaluation of Peacock Bass (Cichla spp.) in southeast Florida canals-Fourth annual report for Study XVI (1987-1988). Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission. Tallahassee. 6 pp. Contents: Continued development of C. ocellaris population; angler responses; law enforcement; et al.

Swann, L. 1988. Tilapia/native fish associations-Third annual report for Study XVII (1987-1988). Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 8 pp. Contents: Lake Lena Blue Tilapia continuation, and standing crop data from six canals.

Swann, L. 1988. Canal Largemouth Bass investigations-Third annual report for Study XVIII (1987-1988). 6 pp. Contents: Length-frequency from six canals.

Hilton, B.D., and L. Swann. 1989. Tilapia/native fish associations-Fourth annual report for Study XVII (1988-1989). Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 8 pp. Contents: Lake Lena Blue Tilapia continuation and standing crop estimates for seven canal populations.

Shafland, P.L. 1989. Preliminary report on Florida's Peacock Bass study-1984-1989. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 6 pp. Contents: Based on 5-yr post-introduction review, concludes establishment of the Butterfly Peacock is beneficial.

Shafland, P.L. 1990. Peacock Bass investigations-First annual report for Study XIX (1989-1990). Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 12 pp. Contents: Regulations, socioeconomics, population estimate, Speckled Peacock, et al.

Shafland, P.L. 1991. Peacock Bass investigations-Annual report for Study XIX 1990-1991. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 13 pp. Contents: Tackle shop opinion survey, Butterfly Peacock and Spotted Tilapia associations, Speckled Peacock, fish community dynamics, first two state records, et al.

Shafland, P.L. 1992. Peacock Bass investigations-Annual report for Study XIX 1991-1992. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 9 pp. Contents: Fish community dynamics, third state record, et al.

Shafland, P.L. 1993. Peacock Bass investigations-Annual report for Study XIX 1992-1993. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 10 pp. Contents: Creel, fish community analyses, 4.1 kg (9.1 lb) state record, discontinuation of Speckled Peacock studies, et al.

Shafland, P.L. 1995. Peacock Bass investigations-Annual report for Study Number 6176 (1994-1995). Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 19 pp. Contents: Butterfly Peacock and Largemouth Bass food habits, spawning seasonality, fecundity, sex ratios, et al.

Gestring, K. 1996. Analyses of fish communities containing non-native species-Annual report for Study Number 6170 (1995-1996). Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 8 pp. Contents: CO2 as an anesthetic.

Shafland, P.L. 1996. Peacock Bass investigations-Annual report for Study Number 6176 (1995-1996). Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 15 pp. Contents: Butterfly Peacock and Largemouth Bass length-frequency comparisons, canal specific observations, et al.

Gestring, K.B. 1997. An analysis of fish communities containing non-native fishes in southeast Florida-Annual report for 1996-1997. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 8 pp. Contents: Age and growth of Spotted Tilapia; Orinoco Sailfin and Mayan Cichlid lower lethal temperatures; canal standing crop estimates.

Gestring, K.B., and M.S. Stanford. 1998. Population assessments of Mayan Cichlid, Jaguar Guapote, and Clown Knifefish in southeast Florida- Annual report for 1997-1998. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 15 pp. Contents: Distribution and abundance; Eastern Happy.

Shafland, P.L., K.B. Gestring, and M.S. Stanford. 1998. Southeast Florida canal fishery studies-Annual report for 1997-1998. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 17 pp. Contents: Socioeconomic assessments of canal sportfishes, et al.

Gestring, K.B., P.L. Shafland, and M.S. Stanford. 1999. Recently introduced exotic fishes-Annual report for 1998-1999. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 20 pp. Contents: Life history observations related to Mayan Cichlid, Swamp Eel (lower lethal temperature), Jaguar Guapote, Clown Knifefish, and Eastern Happy.

Gestring, K.B., P.L. Shafland, and M.S. Stanford. 1999. Distributions and abundances of Mayan Cichlid, Jaguar Guapote, Clown Knifefish, and Eastern Happy. Pages 3-7 in annual report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee.

Gestring, K.B., P.L. Shafland, and M.S. Stanford. 1999. Southeast Florida canal sportfishery studies-Annual report for 1998-1999. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee. 11 pp. Contents: Standardized electrofishing assessments of 18 canal sportfish populations; et al.

Gestring, K.B., and M.S. Stanford. 2000. Recently introduced exotic fishes-Annual report for 1999-2000. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee. 20 pp. Contents: Mayan Cichlid, Swamp Eel, Jaguar Guapote, and Clown Knifefish, Brown Hoplo and Eastern Happy; et al.

Shafland, P.L., K.B. Gestring, and M.S. Stanford. 2000. The fisheries of metropolitan southeast Florida canals with special reference to exotic fishes-Three year report for 1997-2000. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee.  67 pp. Contents: Pre-Post 1997 canal fish community assessments, biological roles of exotic fish, Largemouth Bass, Butterfly Peacock, comparative sportfish measures, socioeconomics, et al.

Shafland, P.L., K.B. Gestring, and M.S. Stanford. 2000. Canal fish community assessments from 1980-1997. Pages 7-31 in three-year report for the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., K.B. Gestring, and M.S. Stanford. 2000. Canal fish community assessments from 1997-1999. Pages 16-25 in three-year report for the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., K.B. Gestring, and M.S. Stanford. 2000. Biological roles of exotic fish. Pages 32-39 in three-year report for the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., K.B. Gestring, M.S. Stanford. 2001. Metropolitan southeast Florida canal fisheries and recently introduced exotic fishes-Annual report for 2000-2001. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee. 35 pp. Contents: Canal sportfisheries; Asian Swamp Eel food habits and fecundity; Bullseye Snakehead discovery, initial assessment activities, and lower lethal temperature.

Shafland, P.L., K.B. Gestring, M.S. Stanford. 2001. Mayan Cichlid, Jaguar Guapote, Swamp Eel, Bullseye Snakehead, et al. Pages 7-15 in annual report for the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee. Contents: Food habits, fecundity, lower lethal temperature.

Shafland, P.L., K.B. Gestring, M.S. Stanford. 2001. Weather related observations. Pages 16-19 in annual year report for the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee.

Gestring, K.B., P.L. Shafland, and M.S. Stanford. 2002. Metropolitan southeast Florida canal fisheries and recently introduced exotic fishes-Completion report for 1997-2002. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee. 32 pp. Contents: 34 canal population assessments of Largemouth Bass, Butterfly Peacock, and other sportfishes, rule change recommendation for Butterfly Peacock, Brown Hoplo, Clown Knifefish, Eastern Happy, Spotfinned Spinyeel, Theraps hybrid.

Gestring, K.B., P.L. Shafland, and M.S. Stanford. 2002. Recommended change in Butterfly Peacock regulation. Pages 18-20 in completion report for the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee.

Gestring, K.B., P.L. Shafland, and M.S. Stanford. 2003. Metropolitan southeast Florida canal fisheries and recently introduced exotic fishes-Annual report for 2002-03. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee. 22 pp. Contents: Brown Hoplo food habits, fecundity, and lower lethal temperature; canal sportfisheries; Bullseye Snakehead abundance and range.

Gestring, K.B., P.L. Shafland, and M.S. Stanford. 2003. Brown Hoplo life history studies. Pages 3-12 in annual report for the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee.

Gestring, K.B., P.L. Shafland, and M.S. Stanford. 2003. Southeast Florida canal sportfishery assessments. Pages 12-14 in annual report for the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee.

Gestring, K.B., P.L. Shafland, and M.S. Stanford. 2003. Exotic fish assessments. Pages 14-15 in annual report for the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P.L., J. Cimbaro, K.B. Gestring, and M.S. Stanford. 2003. Some of Florida's freshwater exotic fishes-A pictorial guide. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee. 2 pp.

Gestring, K. 2004. Shoreline erosion assessment of loricariid catfishes in Florida. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee. 8 pp.

Gestring, K.B., P.L. Shafland, and M.S. Stanford. 2004. Exotic fish assessments-Annual report for 2003-2004. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee. 30 pp. Contents: Mayan Cichlid, triploid Grass Carp, Swamp Eel, Jaguar Guapote, Clown Knifefish, et al.

Gestring, K.B., and M.S. Stanford. 2004. Selected life history attributes of the exotic Brown Hoplo (Hoplosternum littorale) with comments on their presence in Florida. Pages 12-30 in annual report for the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee.

Shafland, P., W. Courtenay, J. Fury, and J. Hill.  2005.  Scientists challenge SNAKEHEAD myths.  Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee.  8 pp

Gestring, K. 2007. Bioprofile, collection history, status, and recommendations for Metynnis sp. in Florida. Pages 10-17 in annual report for the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee.

Gestring, K.B., P.L. Shafland, and M.S. Stanford. 2006. Annual Report for the Non-Native Fish Laboratory 2005-06. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee. 17 pp. Contents: Mayan Cichlid, southeast Florida canal sportfisheries, Silver Dollar (Metynnis sp.) bioprofile.

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC). 2007. FWC Position on South Florida Canals Affected by CERP. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee. 18 pp.

Shafland, P.L. 2008. Butterfly Peacock Bass-A new Florida tradition. Florida Wildlife 61(3):27-29 (May/June 2008 Issue).




FWC Facts:
Turkeys are powerful fliers, especially for short distances. Their wings are designed for short, fast flight, but by alternating gliding and flapping, they can cover a mile easily.

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