Nonnative Mammals

Click on a species Common Name to get details for that species.

Common Name Scientific name Year first observed Length of time breeding Method of Introduction
Statewide established populations
Hog Sus scrofa 1500s At least 10 years Introduced
House Mouse Mus musculus Unknown At least 10 years Introduced
Black Rat Rattus rattus late 1700s At least 10 years Introduced
Norway Rat Rattus norvegicus early 1800s At least 10 years Introduced
Nine-banded Armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus 1920s At least 10 years Introduced and natural range expansion
Red Fox Vulpes vulpes 1950s At least 10 years Introduced and natural range expansion
Locally established populations
Sambar Deer Cervus unicolor 1908 At least 10 years Introduced (St. Vincents Island, Franklin County)
Pallas's Mastiff Bat Molossus molossus tropidorhynchus 1929 At least 10 years Natural range expansion (Florida Keys)
Rhesus Macaque Macaca mulatta 1930 At least 10 years Escaped from tourist attraction (Marion, Lake, Seminole Counties)
Mexican Red-bellied Squirrel Sciurus aureogaster 1938 At least 10 years Released by owner (Elliott, Sand Key, Miami-Dade County)
Vervet Monkey Chlorocebus aethiops 1950s At least 10 years Escaped from exhibitor and tourist attraction (Broward, Miami-Dade, Palm Beach Counties)
Squirrel Monkey Saimiri sciureus 1960's At least 10 years Escaped from tourist attraction (Broward, Lee Counties)
Elk Cervus elaphus 1967 At least 10 years Introduced (Highlands County)
Nutria Myocastor coypus

 

At least 10 years Range expansion from introduced populations outside Florida (Hillsborough, Duval Counties)
Observed species (not established)
Jamaican Fruit-eating Bat Artibeus jamaicensis 1983 Not reported breeding Natural range expansion (Florida Keys)
Capybara Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris 1990s Reported breeding Escaped from research facility (Alachua, Baker, Bradford, Columbia, Duval Counties)
Crab-eating Macaque Macaca fascicularis 1990s Not reported breeding Escaped from research facility (Miami-Dade County)
Potentially extirpated species
Prairie Dog Cynomys ludovicianus 1970s At least 10 years (extirpated 2009) Escaped from owners (Gilchrist County)
Gambian Pouch Rat Cricetomys gambianus 2002 Less than 10 years Escaped from breeder (Monroe County)


FWC Facts:
Tribal societies in Central America, West Africa, Australia and Papua, New Guinea consider sawfish symbols of strength, spirituality and prosperity.

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