saltwater_groupred.jpg

Red Grouper: Epinephelus morio

Appearance:

  • Color brownish red
  • Lining of mouth scarlet-orange
  • Blotches on sides in unorganized pattern
  • Second spine of dorsal fin longer than others
  • Pectoral fins longer than pelvic fins; squared off tail
  • Margin of soft dorsal black with white at midfin
  • Black dots around the eyes

Habitat:

Red grouper are a bottom dwelling fish associated with hard bottoms.  Juveniles are found offshore along with adults greater than 6 years old.  Fish from 1 to 6 years occupy nearshore reefs.

Behavior:

This fish spawns in April and May.  Red grouper prefer water temperatures between 66 and 77 degrees F.  Like many other grouper, red grouper undergo a sex reversal; young individual females becoming males as they age.  Red grouper have a lifespan of at least 25 years.  They feeds on squid, crustaceans, and fish.

State Record:

42 lb 4 oz, caught near St. Augustine Inlet

Fishing Tips and Facts:

Additional Information:

Similar Fish: Nassau grouper, E. striatus.


Image Credit: Diane Rome Peebles



FWC Facts:
Some snook spend more time in fresh water than saltwater.

Learn More at AskFWC