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American Shad: Alosa sapidissima

Appearance:

  • Color of back green or greenish blue with silvery sides, white underneath (colors darken when fish enters fresh water to spawn)
  • Belly with scutes forming distinct keel with one or more dark spots in a row behind operculum
  • The lower jaw has a pointed tip that fits into v-shaped notch in upper jaw

Habitat:

American shad are typically found offshore except during late winter spawning run into east coast rivers, notably the St. Johns River.

Behavior:

Anadromous species, coming into fresh water to spawn; young remain in fresh water to length of 2 to 4 inches, then move out to sea.

State Record:

This species is not currently eligible for a state record.

Fishing Tips and Facts:

Plankton feeders, but will strike small, bright spoons or flies. Their roe (as many as 30,000 in a single female) is prized and their flesh is full of fork bones.

Additional Information:


Image Credit: Diane Rome Peebles



FWC Facts:
If you operate a vessel and have an accident, you may not leave the scene without giving all possible aid to others. You also must report the accident to the proper authorities.

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