Black Bear: Ursus americanus floridanus


bear cubThe Florida black bear (Ursus americanus floridanus), is one of 16 subspecies of the American black bear and is the state’s largest land mammal in Florida.

While other subspecies of the American black bear can have different coat colors from black to blonde to cinnamon, Florida black bears are black furred.


Black bears prefer habitats with a dense understory such as forested wetlands and uplands, natural pinelands, hammocks, scrub, and shrub lands, but will use just about every habitat type in Florida, including swamps. 


Bears are solitary by nature, except when in family groups (female and offspring) or pairings during the mating season.

Bears will congregate in areas of high food density.

Additional Information:

Additional Information about Florida’s largest land mammal, the Florida black bear, is available at

Image Credit: M Orlando

FWC Facts:
Although black bears in western states may have several color phases, all black bears in the eastern United States, including Florida black bears, are black.

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