Escabia Map Turtle

Freshwater Turtles: Testudines


While most freshwater turtles have hard boney shells, three species known as softshell turtles have fleshy shells adapted for swimming. Turtle shells provide protection from predators. Snapping turtles, such as the Florida snapping turtle and the alligator snapping turtle, can bite with great force and reach large sizes.


Turtles are ancient shelled reptiles that have existed for 220 million years. Florida has more species of turtles than other states. Of the 26 types of turtle species found in Florida, the vast majority (18) are freshwater turtle species. Besides freshwater turtles, Florida is home to the gopher tortoise, box turtles, and five sea turtle species.


Although all turtles are air-breathing reptiles, aquatic turtles can hold their breath for long periods of time. All freshwater turtles lay eggs on land in holes they have dug. When the eggs hatch, the baby turtles (hatchlings) return to water.

Florida has approved strong conservation measures for freshwater turtles.

Additional Information:

Image Credit: Kevin Enge

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