Silver Perch: Bairdiella chrysoura


  • Color silvery with yellowish fins
  • No spots
  • No chin barbels
  • No prominent canine teeth at tip of upper jaw
  • Preopercle finely serrated
  • 5 to 6 chin pores
  • Mouth terminal


Silver perch are found inshore in seagrass beds, tidal creeks and rivers, and marshes.


Spawning takes place in shallow, saline portions of bays and other inshore areas, peaking between May and September.  Silver perch mature by second or third year (by 6 inches).  Adults eat crustaceans and small fishes.  They may live to 6 years.

State Record:

This species is not currently eligible for a state record.

Fishing Tips and Facts:

Additional Information:

Silver perch are similar in appearance to the sand seatrout, Cynoscion arenarius. Seatrout usually have 1 or 2 prominent canine teeth at tip of upper jaw and do not have chin pores.

Image Credit: © Diane Rome Peebles

FWC Facts:
Scientists can determine the age of a fish by counting growth rings, similar to growth rings of a tree, on otoliths, the “inner ear bones” of fish.

Learn More at AskFWC