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Red Grouper: Epinephelus morio

Appearance:

  • Color brownish red
  • Lining of mouth scarlet-orange
  • Blotches on sides in unorganized pattern
  • Second spine of dorsal fin longer than others
  • Pectoral fins longer than pelvic fins; squared off tail
  • Margin of soft dorsal black with white at midfin
  • Black dots around the eyes

Habitat:

Red grouper are a bottom dwelling fish associated with hard bottoms.  Juveniles are found offshore along with adults greater than 6 years old.  Fish from 1 to 6 years occupy nearshore reefs.

Behavior:

This fish spawns in April and May.  Red grouper prefer water temperatures between 66 and 77 degrees F.  Like many other grouper, red grouper undergo a sex reversal; young individual females becoming males as they age.  Red grouper have a lifespan of at least 25 years.  They feeds on squid, crustaceans, and fish.

State Record:

42 lb 4 oz, caught near St. Augustine Inlet

Fishing Tips and Facts:

Additional Information:

Similar Fish: Nassau grouper, E. striatus.


Image Credit: © Diane Rome Peebles



FWC Facts:
Cranes are quite omnivorous. They feed on seeds, grain, berries, insects, earthworms, mice, small birds, snakes, lizards, frogs and crayfish, but they do not "fish" like herons.

Learn More at AskFWC