Warsaw Grouper: Epinephelus nigritus


  • Mottled dark reddish-brown or brownish-gray on back, fading to a lighter belly
  • Uniformly colored; lacks distinctive markings
  • Second dorsal fin spine very high (higher than the third spine)
  • Caudal fin (tail) is squared-off
  • Juveniles with yellowish caudal fin and dark spot on caudal peduncle

Similar Species: Goliath grouper, E. itajara (dorsal spines all at same height)

Size: Up to 90 inches (580 pounds) 




Rocky bottoms in water over 200 feet deep. Juveniles found inshore.


Feeds on fishes and crustaceans.

Additional Information

State Record:External Website 436 lb 12 oz, caught near Destin

Recreational Regulations

Image Credit: © Diane Rome Peebles

FWC Facts:
The Gulf sturgeon spawns 140 miles upstream from the mouth of the Suwannee River, one of the last pristine rivers with no dams to bar its path.

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